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Osiris, Volume 23

Intelligentsia Science: The Russian Century, 1860-1960

The newest annual volume of Osiris, Intelligentsia Science explores the transformations in science in the history of Russia and the Soviet Union, from serfdom to Sputnik, as a series of developments in Russian culture.
            The contributors argue that it was the generation of the 1860s that transformed “intelligentsia” into a central notion of Russian popular discourse, cementing its association with revolutionary politics—and with science.  Science became the cornerstone of the intelligentsia’s ideological and political projects, either as an alternative to socialism, or more often as its nominal raison d’être.  The Russian century may in fact be over, but the interrelation of the intelligentsia and science to form “intelligentsia science” proves enduring.

316 pages | 6 3/4 x 10 | © 2008


History of Science

Table of Contents

Intelligentsia Science: The Russian Century, 1860–1960

Introduction: Intelligentsia Science Inside and Outside Russia
Michael D. Gordin and Karl Hall

Intelligentsia as Social Organization

The Heidelberg Circle: German Inflections on the Professionalization of Russian Chemistry in the 1860s
Michael D. Gordin

Turning Pedagogy into a Science: Teachers and Psychologists in Late Imperial Russia (1897–1917)
Andy Byford

Organizational Culture and Professional Identities in the Soviet Nuclear Power Industry
Sonja D. Schmid

Intelligentsia as Political Agent

The Phenomenon of Soviet Science
Alexei Kojevnikov

The Conquest of Science: Women and Science in Russia, 1860–1940
Olga Valkova

Wishful Science: The Persistence of T. D. Lysenko’s Agrobiology in the Politics of Science
Nils Roll- Hansen

Stalin’s Rocket Designers’ Leap into Space: The Technical Intelligentsia Faces the Thaw
Slava Gerovitch

Intelligentsia as Utopia

Taming the Primitive: Elie Metchnikov and His Discovery of Immune Cells
Kirill Rossiianov

The Schooling of Lev Landau: The European Context of Postrevolutionary Soviet Theoretical Physics
Karl Hall

Imagining the Cosmos: Utopians, Mystics, and the Popular Culture of Spaceflight in Revolutionary Russia
Asif A. Siddiqi

Notes on Contributors


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