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Partners in Science

Foundations and Natural Scientists, 1900-1945

Robert Kohler shows exactly how entrepreneurial academic scientists became intimate "partners in science" with the officers of the large foundations created by John D. Rockefeller and Andrew Carnegie, and in so doing tells a fascinating story of how the modern system of grant-getting and grant-giving evolved, and how this funding process has changed the way laboratory scientists make their careers and do their work.

"This book is a rich historical tapestry of people, institutions and scientific ideas. It will stand for a long time as a source of precise and detailed information about an important aspect of the scientific enterprise. . .It also contains many valuable lessons for the coming years."—John Ziman, Times Higher Education Supplement

432 pages | 35 halftones, 12 tables, 2 figures | 6 x 9 | © 1991

History of Science

Table of Contents

1. Systems of Patronage
Part I: Creating a System, 1900-1920
2. Troubled Beginnings: The Carnegie Institution
3. Reluctant Patrons: The Rockefeller and Carnegie Boards
4. The National Research Fellowships
5. A Limited Partnership
Part II: Institutional Relations, the 1920s
6. Americans in Paris: Wickliffe Rose, Augustus Trowbridge
7. Making the Peaks Higher: European Science
8. Developing American Science
9. The Rockefeller Foundation in Transition
Part III: Disciplinary Relations, the 1930s
10. Warren Weaver and His Program
11. Biological Communities and Disciplines
12. Weaver and the Biomolecular Set
13. Instruments of Science
Part IV: Conclusion
14. Partners in Science in Perspective

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