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Wild Mammals in Captivity

Principles and Techniques for Zoo Management, Second Edition

Second Edition


Zoos, aquaria, and wildlife parks are vital centers of animal conservation and management. For nearly fifteen years, these institutions have relied on Wild Mammals in Captivity as the essential reference for their work. Now the book reemerges in a completely updated second edition. Wild Mammals in Captivity presents the most current thinking and practice in the care and management of wild mammals in zoos and other institutions. In one comprehensive volume, the editors have gathered the most current information from studies of animal behavior; advances in captive breeding; research in physiology, genetics, and nutrition; and new thinking in animal management and welfare.

            In this edition, more than three-quarters of the text is new, and information from more than seventy-five contributors is thoroughly updated. The standard text for all courses in zoo biology, Wild Mammals in Captivity will, in its new incarnation, continue to be used by zoo managers, animal caretakers, researchers, and anyone with an interest in how to manage animals in captive conditions. 

592 pages | 100 halftones, 39 line drawings, 67 tables | 8 1/2 x 11 | © 2010

Biological Sciences: Anatomy, Behavioral Biology, Conservation, Natural History


“It seems easy to predict this book will remain the standard on captive mammal management for years to come. It is a fitting testament to Dr. Kleiman’s life work and represents the combined experience of many of the finest people in the field.”

Roberto F. Aguilar | Journal of Mammal Evolution

“The zoo industry has changed radically in recent years, with emphasis on animal welfare and conservation at the forefront. . . .This book is a good place to start for any zoo professional to become updated with the current direction. This does not mean that it is the final word on all that is out there and all the authors admit that, but I think this what makes it a must read. . . . The wealth of information in all of these chapters should lead us down the next ten years and beyond to create zoos that are examples of superior welfare.”

Jennifer Tobey, San Diego Institute for Conservation Research | Animal Welfare

"Zoos should be staffed with those who have made Wild Mammals in Captivity their essential textbook."

on the first edition | Times Higher Education

"This book is a milestone in the field of the management of wild mammals and can be highly recommended."

Ethology | on the first edition

"This is an outstanding book!"

Desmond Morris

Table of Contents

George Rabb 

Devra G. Kleiman


Part One
Ethics and Animal Welfare Standards

Devra G. Kleiman

1. Ethics of Keeping Mammals in Zoos and Aquariums   
Michael D. Kreger and Michael Hutchins

2. Challenges of Zoo Animal Welfare   
Ron Kagan and Jake Veasey

3. Setting Standards for Evaluation of Captive Facilities   
Joseph Barber, Denny Lewis, Govindasamy Agoramoorthy, and Miranda F. Stevenson

Part Two
Basic Mammal Management

Devra G. Kleiman

4. Physical Methods of Capture, Handling, and Restraint of Mammals
Joe Christman

5. A Framework for Introduction and Socialization Processes for Mammals   
David M. Powell

6. Principles of and Research on Environmental Enrichment for Mammals   
David Shepherdson

7. Impact of Emerging and Zoonotic Diseases on Mammal Management   
Dominic Travis and Robyn Barbiers

8. Safety Considerations in a Zoological Park   
Mark Rosenthal and William Xanten

Part Three

Charlotte Kirk Baer

9. Contemporary Topics in Wild Mammal Nutrition   
Charlotte Kirk Baer, Duane E. Ullrey, Michael L. Schlegel, Govindasamy Agoramoorthy, and David J. Baer

10. Quality Control Aspects of Feeding Wild Mammals in Captivity   
Barbara Henry, Michael Maslanka, and Kerri A. Slifka

Part Four

Devra G. Kleiman

11. The History and Principles of Zoo Exhibition   
David Hancocks

12. Visitors, Conservation Learning, and the Design of Zoo and Aquarium Experiences   
Emily Routman, Jackie Ogden, and Keith Winsten

13. Managing Captive Mammals in Mixed-Species Communities   
Jake Veasey and Gabriele Hammer

14. Structural and Keeper Considerations in Exhibit Design   
Mark Rosenthal and William A. Xanten

15. How to Develop a Zoo-Based Environmental Enrichment Program: Incorporating Environmental Enrichment into Exhibits   
Cynthia Fernandes Cipreste, Cristiano Schetini De Azevedo, and Robert John Young

16. Special Considerations for the Maintenance of Marine Mammals in Captivity   
Brian Joseph and James Antrim

17. Zoological Horticulture   
Merle Moore and Don Peterkin

18. New and Sustainable Directions in Zoo Exhibit Design   
Jon Coe and Greg Dykstra

Part Five
Conservation and Research

Devra G. Kleiman

19. Demographic and Genetic Management of Captive Populations   
Jonathan D. Ballou, Caroline Lees, Lisa J. Faust, Sarah Long, Colleen Lynch, Laurie Bingaman Lackey, and Thomas J. Foose

20. Regional Collection Planning for Mammals   
Ruth Allard, Kevin Willis, Caroline Lees, Brandie Smith, and Bart Hiddinga

21. Management of “Surplus” Animals   
Scott Carter and Ron Kagan

22. The Role of Captive Populations in Reintroduction Programs   
Joanne M. Earnhardt

23. The Role of Zoos in Contributing to In Situ Conservation   
Alexandra Zimmermann

24. Research Trends in Zoos   
Terry L. Maple and Meredith J. Bashaw

Part Six

Katerina V. Thompson

25. The Importance of Maintaining Natural Behaviors in Captive Mammals   
M. Elsbeth Mcphee and Kathy Carlstead

26. Animal Learning and Husbandry Training for Management   
Jill Mellen and Marty Sevenich Macphee

27. Applying Knowledge of Mammalian Social Organization, Mating Systems, and Communication to Management   
Ronald R. Swaisgood and Bruce A. Schulte

28. The Management of Pregnancy and Parturition in Captive Mammals
Patrick Thomas, Cheryl S. Asa, and Michael Hutchins

29. Parental Care and Behavioral Development in Captive Mammals   
Katerina V. Thompson, Andrew J. Baker, and Anne M. Baker

30. Data Collection in the Zoo Setting, Emphasizing Behavior   
Carolyn M. Crockett and Renee R. Ha

Part Seven

Devra G. Kleiman

31. Reproductive Physiology   
Cheryl S. Asa

32. Male Reproduction: Assessment, Management, Assisted Breeding, and Fertility Control   
Rebecca E. Spindler and David E. Wildt

33. Endocrine Monitoring of Reproduction and Stress   
Keith Hodges, Janine Brown, and Michael Heistermann

34. Contraception as a Management Tool for Controlling Surplus Animals   
Cheryl S. Asa and Ingrid J. Porton


Devra G. Kleiman

Appendix 1: Standard Methods for Measuring Mammals   
Barbara Lundrigan

Appendix 2: Identification and Marking Techniques   
Penny Kalk and Clifford G. Rice

Appendix 3: Records, Studbooks, Regional Zoo Associations, and ISIS   
Laurie Bingaman Lackey

Appendix 4: Annotated Bibliography of Books, Journals, and Web Sites on Captive Management   
Kay Kenyon Barboza and Linda L. Coates

List of Contributors
Author Index
Subject Index
Taxonomic Index

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