Cloth $45.00 ISBN: 9780226764771 Will Publish May 2021
E-book $45.00 Available for pre-order. ISBN: 9780226764801 Will Publish May 2021

Objects in Air

Artworks and Their Outside around 1900

Margareta Ingrid Christian

Objects in Air

Margareta Ingrid Christian

304 pages | 69 halftones | 6 x 9 | © 2021
Cloth $45.00 ISBN: 9780226764771 Will Publish May 2021
E-book $45.00 ISBN: 9780226764801 Will Publish May 2021
Margareta Ingrid Christian unpacks the ways in which, around 1900, art scholars, critics, and choreographers wrote about the artwork as an actual object in real time and space, surrounded and fluently connected to the viewer through the very air we breathe. Theorists such as Aby Warburg, Alois Riegl, Rainer Maria Rilke, and the choreographer Rudolf Laban drew on the science of their time to examine air as the material space surrounding an artwork, establishing its “milieu,” “atmosphere,” or “environment.” Christian explores how the artwork’s external space was seen to work as an aesthetic category in its own right, beginning with Rainer Maria Rilke’s observation that Rodin’s sculpture “exhales an atmosphere” and that Cezanne’s colors create “a calm, silken air” that pervades the empty rooms where the paintings are exhibited.

Writers created an early theory of unbounded form that described what Christian calls an artwork’s ecstasis or its ability to stray outside its limits and engender its own space. Objects viewed in this perspective complicate the now-fashionable discourse of empathy aesthetics, the attention to self-projecting subjects, and the idea of the modernist self-contained artwork. For example, Christian invites us to historicize the immersive spatial installations and “environments” that have arisen since the 1960s and to consider their origins in turn-of-the-twentieth-century aesthetics. Throughout this beautifully written work, Christian offers ways for us to rethink entrenched narratives of aesthetics and modernism and to revisit alternatives.
 
Contents
Introduction. Artworks and Their Modalities of Egress: The Air within and without Artworks
  Politics of Extravagation
  Mesologies of Form
  Medium and Milieu, or the Material Spaces of Air
  World Loss, Sitelessness, and the Artwork’s Environments
  Aurai and Aura (Form and Space)
  Empathetic Artworks, Extensive Subjects

1. Aer, Aurae, Venti: Warburg’s Aerial Forms and Historical Milieus
  Anima Fiorentina
  Inspiration
  Stimmung/Atmosphere
  Milieu as Air Ambiant
  The Accessories’ Milieu
  Botticelli’s Milieu
  The Physiology of Influence
  Disciplinary Milieus

2. Luftraum: Riegl’s Vitalist Mesology of Form
  Horror vacui
  Umgebung
  Indehiscent Forms
  Cubic Space (“Air-Filled Empty Space”)
  Air Space
  Respiración
  External Unity
  Kunstwollen

3. Saturated Forms: Rilke’s and Rodin’s Sculpture of Environment
  Reticence and Radiance
  Aesthetico-Biological Endeavors
  “Archaic Torso of Apollo”
  Aesthetic Metabolisms
  Absorbed Milieus
  Gravid Forms
  Forms Striving for Incompletion
  Temporal Ecstasis

4. The “Kinesphere” and the Body’s Other Spatial Envelopes in Rudolf Laban’s Theory of Dance
  Choreutics
  Spatiomaterial Radiance
  Psychophysiologically Saturated Space
  Anima, Air, Atmosphere: Laban and Kandinsky
  Luftkur, Plein Air
  Dance’s Biological and Architectural Lifeworlds

Coda. Space as Form

Acknowledgments
Notes
Bibliography
Index
For more information, or to order this book, please visit https://press.uchicago.edu
Google preview here

Chicago Manual of Style

Keep Informed

JOURNALs