Skip to main content

The Monetarists

The Making of the Chicago Monetary Tradition, 1927–1960

An essential origin story of modern society’s most influential economic doctrine.

The Chicago School of economic thought has been subject to endless generalizations—and mischaracterizations—in contemporary debate. What is often portrayed as a monolithic obsession with markets is, in fact, a nuanced set of economic theories born from decades of research and debate. The Monetarists is a deeply researched history of the monetary policies—and personalities—that codified the Chicago School of monetary thought from the 1930s through the 1960s. These policies can be characterized broadly as monetarism: the belief that prices and interest rates can be kept stable by controlling the amount of money in circulation. 

As economist George S. Tavlas makes clear, these ideas were more than just the legacy of Milton Friedman; they were a tradition in theory brought forth by a crucible of minds and debates throughout campus. Through unprecedented mining of archival material, The Monetarists offers the first complete history of one of the twentieth century’s most formative intellectual periods and places. It promises to elevate our understanding of this doctrine and its origins for generations to come.

656 pages | 2 tables | 6 x 9 | © 2023

Economics and Business: Economics--History, Economics--Money and Banking


"This book presents a fascinating and well-documented discussion of the origins and development of the economics of monetarism and its roots in Chicago economics. Tavlas dissects the tangled history of monetarist ideas and their origins as solutions to policy problems predating even the Great Depression. A rich account of the development of central ideas and the role of many economists in forming monetarist thought, this is an important study of a body of ideas that shaped, and continue to shape, the field of economics."

James Heckman | recipient of the 2000 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics | University of Chicago

“In this pathbreaking book, George Tavlas lays out the history of the Chicago monetary tradition from the classical economists to Frank Knight, Jacob Viner, Paul Douglas, Henry Simons and Lloyd Mints to Milton Friedman. This book sets the record straight on all the debates that have raged on the subject. It will set the standard for research on the key deep origins of modern monetary policy.” 

Michael Bordo | Rutgers University

“Tavlas provides a fascinating intellectual history of the monetarist tradition at the University of Chicago. It successfully debunks some prior simplistic characterizations and instead offers a deep probe with nuances and complexities along with some common threads of thought. Within this backdrop, Milton Friedman’s contributions to monetary economics are seen to have both emerged from and modified the perspectives of his intellectual predecessors."

Lars Peter Hansen | recipient of the 2013 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics | University of Chicago

“Determined scholar George Tavlas unearths the secrets of how the Chicago School molded Milton Friedman’s thinking, bringing free markets and monetarism to prominence in world affairs. His story is a must-read for understanding history.”

William L. Silber | New York University

“George Tavlas provides a fascinating, fresh, and highly policy-relevant look at the monetary tradition at the University of Chicago over three crucial decades. He uses facts and draws on unpublished sources to challenge well-known economic interpretations, focus on key monetary policy proposals, show that monetarism is dynamic, and demonstrate how Milton Friedman did not invent monetarism, but rather developed it out of a beautiful Chicago tradition.”

John B. Taylor | Stanford University

Table of Contents



Chapter 1. The Light in the Secret Shrine

Chapter 2. The Group

Chapter 3. Controversies

Chapter 4. The “Chicago Plan”: Doctrinal Aspects

Chapter 5. Into the Academic Wilderness

Chapter 6. The Resistance

Chapter 7. The Counterattack

Chapter 8. The Monetarists

Chapter 9. Summary and Conclusions




Be the first to know

Get the latest updates on new releases, special offers, and media highlights when you subscribe to our email lists!

Sign up here for updates about the Press