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The Institutional Context of Population Change

Patterns of Fertility and Mortality across High-Income Nations

Despite having similar economies and political systems, high-income nations show persistent diversity. In this pioneering work, Fred C. Pampel looks at fertility, suicide, and homicide rates in eighteen high-income nations to show how they are affected by institutional structures. European nations, for example, offer universal public benefits for men and women who are unable to work and have policies to ease the burdens of working mothers. The United States, in contrast, does not. This study demonstrates how public policy differences such as these affect childbearing among working women, moderate pressures for suicide and homicide among the young and old, and shape sex difference in suicide and homicide.

The Institutional Context of Population Change cuts across numerous political and sociological topics, including political sociology, stratification, sex and gender, and aging. It persuasively shows the importance of public policies for understanding the demographic consequences of population change and the importance of demographic change for understanding the consequences of public policies.

312 pages | 18 line drawings,35 tables | 6 x 9 | © 2001

Population and Development Series

Political Science: Comparative Politics

Sociology: Demography and Human Ecology

Women's Studies

Table of Contents


Tables and Figures
Preface
PART I. THE INSTITUTIONAL CONTEXT OF POPULATION CHANGE
1. The Demographic Consequences of Changing Cohort Size and Female Work
2. Sociopolitical Sources of Demographic Divergence
PART II. FERTILITY
3. Contextual Variation in the Determinants of Fertility
4. Relative Cohort Size and the Total Fertility Rate
5. Female Labor Force Participation and the Total Fertility Rate
PART III. MORTALITY
6. Cohort Size and Suicide and Homicide Mortality
7. Age-Specific Suicide Rates
8. Age-Specific Homicide Rates
PART IV. SEX DIFFERENCES IN MORTALITY
9. Sex Differences in Suicide and Homicide Mortality
10. Sex Differences in Suicide Rates
11. Sex Differences in Homicide Rates
Conclusion
Appendix A: Statistical Models and Estimation I
Appendix B: Statistical Models and Estimation II
Notes
References
Index

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