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Distributed for University of British Columbia Press

With Friends Like These

Entangled Nationalisms and the Canada-Quebec-France Triangle, 1944-1970

Distributed for University of British Columbia Press

With Friends Like These

Entangled Nationalisms and the Canada-Quebec-France Triangle, 1944-1970

One of the most enduring images of Quebec’s Quiet Revolution is of Charles de Gaulle proclaiming “Vive le Québec libre!” from the balcony of Montreal City Hall. The incident laid bare Canada’s unity crisis and has since dominated interpretations of the Canada-Quebec-France triangle. David Meren demystifies this cri du balcon by looking beyond de Gaulle to Quebec’s evolving relationship with France after the Second World War and the clash of nationalisms that resulted. By seeking to understand Quebec, Gaullist, and Canadian nationalism, Meren not only casts doubt on established interpretations of events, he also reveals how the challenge of responding to American superpower and influence shaped the triangle.

372 pages


Table of Contents

Introduction: In the Shadow of the General

Part 1 – Best of Times, Worst of Times: The Canada-Quebec-France Triangle, 1944-1960

1 Atlanticism in Common, Atlanticism in Question

2 Stagnation amid Growth, Growth amid Stagnation

3 “More necessary than ever”: The Evolution of Cultural Exchanges

Part 2 – The Clash of Nations: The Sources of Triangular Tensions

4 A "French" Fact: The Cultural Impetus

5 Vive le Québec libre? The Question of Independence

6 Atlanticism in Conflict: The Geopolitical Impetus

Part 3 – Le Déluge: Triangular Relations and Triangular Tensions, 1960-1970

7 Parisian pied-à-terre: The Emergence of Triangular Tensions

8 Crisis: From Montreal to Libreville

9 Missions Impossible? Triangular Economic Relations

10 Rivalry, Recrimination, and Renewal: Triangular Cultural Relations

11 Is Paris Turning? Enduring Triangular Relations

Conclusions

Notes

Bibliography

Index

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