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Distributed for Center for the Study of Language and Information

Reasoning, Rationality and Probability

This volume broadens our concept of reasoning and rationality to allow for a more pluralistic and situational view of human thinking as a practical activity. Drawing on contributors across disciplines including philosophy, economics, psychology, statistics, computer science, engineering, and physics, Reasoning, Rationality, and Probability argues that the search for strong theories should leave room for the construction of context-sensitive conceptual tools. Both science and everyday life, the authors argue, are too complex and multifaceted to be forced into ready-made schemata.

300 pages | 6 x 9 | © 2008

Lecture Notes

Philosophy of Science


Table of Contents

Contributors
 
Foreword
 
Introduction: Reasoning and Patterns of Rationality
Maria Carla Galavotti, Roberto Scazzieri and Patrick Suppes
 
I. Practical Reason
 
1. The Good and the Bad, the True and the False
Aimee Drolet and Patrick Suppes
 
2. Three Types of Decision Theory
Nils-Eric Sahlin and Niklas Vareman
 
3. Welfare, Voting and the Constitution of a Federal Assembly
Luc Bovens and Stephan Hartmann
 
4. Acting Rationally with Irrational Strategies
David Atkinson and Jeanne Peijnenburg
 
5. In- and Ex-probabilities: Keynes and Econophysics
Domenico Costantini and Ubaldo Garibaldi
 
II. Mental Frames and Cognitive Abilities
 
6. Reasoning to be Rational
John Broome
 
7. Pragmatic Arguments for Rationality Constraints
Wlodek Rabinowicz
 
8. Rationality and Preidction in the Sciences of the Artificial: Economics as a Design Science
Wenceslao J. Gonzalez
 
9. Context, Congruence and Co-ordination
Roberto Scazzieri
 
III. Situations and Reasoning
 
10. Rationality and its Bounds: Re-Framing Social Framing
Matthias Klaes
 
11. Causal Pluralism and Context
Maria Carla Galavotti
 
12. Causal Medical Reasoning and Pre-Emption
Raffaella Campaner
 
13. Abduction in the Context of a Reasoning Process: the SCIFF Framework
Marco Alberti, Federico Chesani, Marco Gavanelli, Evelina Lamma and Paola Mello
 
Name Index
 
Subject Index

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