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Distributed for Karolinum Press, Charles University

Nationalism and Cosmopolitanism in Avant-Garde and Modernism

The Impact of World War I

An examination of the cultural and artistic consequences of post-WWI nationalism in Europe.

World War I was a seismic event in Europe whose most concrete ramifications were the sweeping changes made to maps of the continent after 1918. A number of new, independent states were established in the wake of the Armistice, and these tectonic developments found varied expression in the arts, transforming the image of the continent both cartographically and artistically. This new edited collection focuses primarily on how modernism and the avant-garde responded to these geographic changes in Central and Eastern Europe, the Baltic States, and Scandinavia. The contributors explore the clashes between the national, the transnational, and the cosmopolitan as they played out in diverse artistic genres. In many countries across Europe, the struggle for national independence—which in many cases began in the nineteenth century and culminated only after World War I—had important cultural and artistic consequences, which are only beginning to be understood. This book—copublished with Artefactum—provides a crucial new lens to rethink the methodological tools used to understand the complexity and the multiplicity of avant-garde forms in twentieth-century Europe, encouraging scholars to reconstruct global cultural history without tired nationalistic approaches.

321 pages | 151 color plates | 6 1/2 x 9 1/4

Art: Art Criticism, European Art

Literature and Literary Criticism: General Criticism and Critical Theory

Table of Contents


LIDIA GLUCHOWSKA – Introduction: “The War to End all Wars”: Nationalism and Cosmopolitanism in the Avant-Garde and Modernist Studies on Visual Culture and Literature 12

LIDIA GLUCHOWSKA –International Expressionism as the style of WW1: Its adaptions and Evaluations 54

NINA GURIANOVA - The Russian Avant-Garde and The Great War: Visions and Utopias 88

OKSANA DUDKO – Ukrainian Legions of the WW1 and Their Artistic Documentation 110

ÉVA FORGÁCS – War as Psychological, Social and Intellectual Experience: The Concept of “National Art” and the First World War in Hungary. Lajos Fülep and the Dynamics of National and International 142

VENDULA HNÍDKOVÁ – Respect and Triumph: Intentions and Meanings of Czech Architecture before and after WWI 156

VOJTECH LAHODA – Transnational or National Cubism? Vincenc Kramár on Cubism 170

NAOMI HUME – Cut-and-Paste in Exile and War: Otto Gutfreund’s Parisian Collages 188

LIDIA GLUCHOWSKA – The Great World and the ‘New Art’ in Poland. Between the Patriotic Ethos, the Nationalisation of the Modernism and the International Attempts in Aesthetics 210

MICHAL WENDERSKI – Uncanonical Impulses to the Canon: Polish and Belgian Contributions to International Constructivism 244

HARRI VEIVO – Cosmopolitanism, Nationalism, and the Reconfigurations of the Map of Europe in the Discourse of Modernity in Finland in the 1920s 262

BENEDIKT HJARTARSON – Abstract Constructivism and the Case of Finnur Jónsson Universal
Language — National Idiom? 286

GINTA GERHARDEUPENIECE – Art and the New Latvian State (1918–1920): Modernism — between Cosmopolitan Inspirations and a Substantive National Factor 314

TORBEN JELSBAK and DORTHE AAGESEN – The Aesthetics of Neutrality: The Impacts of World War I on Danish Art and Culture 336

ANNIKA GUNNARSON – Cosmonational: Neither National nor Cosmopolitan — But a Tinge of Avant-Garde Modernism 364

IRINA GENOVA – Modernism and the National Idea — Reflections of World War I: The Case of Bulgaria 382

ERWIN KESSLER – War as inverter in Romanian Art between 1912 and 1924 408

PETAR PRELOG – In Pursuit of National Identity: Croatian Modern Art before and after the Great War 434

EMILIO QUINTANA PAREJA – Don Quixote in the Trenches: The Birth of Avant-Garde Poetry in Spanish Language between Civilization and Barbarism 456

BELA TSIPURIA – Georgian Modernism, National Expectations and WWI 476

LIDIA GLUCHOWSKA – The Yiddish Artistic Networks around the Great War 496

STEVEN MANSBACH – Closing Remarks and General Reflections 534

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