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The Transition in Eastern Europe, Volume 2


When communism fell in 1989, the question for most Eastern European countries was not whether to go to a market economy, but how to get there. Several years later, the difficult process of privatization and restructuring continues to concern the countries of the region. The Transition in Eastern Europe, Volumes 1 and 2 is an analysis of the experiences of various countries making the transition to market economies and examines the most important challenges still in store.

Volume 1, Country Studies, gives an in-depth, country-by-country analysis of various reform experiences, including historical backgrounds and discussions of policies and results to date. The countries analyzed are Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, eastern Germany, Slovenia, and Russia. Written by leading economists, some of whom helped shape local and national reforms, this volume identifies common progress, common difficulties, and tentative solutions to the problems of economic transition.

Volume 2, Restructuring, focuses on specific issues of transition, including how to design labor market institutions, privatization, new fiscal structures, and bankruptcy laws; how to reorganize foreign trade; and how to promote foreign direct investment. The articles, written by experts in the field, will be of direct help to those involved in the transition process.

These volumes provide a standard reference on economic transition in the region for policymakers in Eastern Europe and in western countries, for international agencies concerned with the transition process, and for anyone interested in learning about the dramatic changes that have recently occurred in Eastern Europe.

Table of Contents

1 What Direction for Labor Market Institutions in Eastern and Central Europe?
Richard B. Freeman
Comments: Fabrizio Coricelli and Anthony Levitas

2 Fiscal Policy During the Transition in Eastern Europe
Roger H. Gordon
Comment: Barry Bosworth

3 Pension Reform in a Transition Economy: Notes on Poland and Chile
Peter Diamond
Comments: Barry Bosworth and George Kopits

4 The Government Budget and the Economic Transformation of Poland
Alain de Crombrugghe and David Lipton
Comment: Michael P. Dooley

5 Privatization in Russia: First Steps
Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny
Comment: Jacek Rostowski

6 The Logistics of Privatization in Poland
Andrew Berg

7 The Treuhandanstalt: Privatization by State and Market
Wendy Carlin and Colin Mayer
Comment: Wilhelm Nölling

8 The Economics of Bankruptcy Reform
Philippe Aghion, Oliver Hart, and John Moore
Comment: Jeremy C. Stein

9 Private Business in Eastern Europe
Simon Johnson

10 Foreign Direct Investment in Eastern Europe: Some Economic
Kenneth A. Froot

11 Foreign Trade in Eastern Europe’s Transition: Early Results
Dani Rodrik
Comment: Susan M. Collins

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