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Terms of Exchange

Brazilian Intellectuals and the French Social Sciences

Terms of Exchange

Brazilian Intellectuals and the French Social Sciences

A collective intellectual biography that sheds new light on the Annales school, structuralism, and racial democracy.
 
Would the most recognizable ideas in the French social sciences have developed without the influence of Brazilian intellectuals? While any study of Brazilian social sciences acknowledges the influence of French scholars, Ian Merkel argues the reverse is also true: the “French” social sciences were profoundly marked by Brazilian intellectual thought, particularly through the University of São Paulo. Engaging with the idea of the “cluster” as a way to define the intertwined networks of Claude Lévi-Strauss, Fernand Braudel, Roger Bastide, and Pierre Monbeig as they overlapped at USP and engaged with Brazilian scholars such as Mário de Andrade, Gilberto Freyre, and Caio Prado Junior, Merkel traces the remaking of both Brazilian and French social sciences after 1945.
 
Through this collective intellectual biography, Terms of Exchange reveals connections that shed new light on the Annales school, structuralism, and racial democracy, even as it prompts us to revisit established thinking on the process of knowledge formation through fieldwork and intellectual exchange. At a time when canons are being rewritten, this book reframes the history of modern social scientific thought.

Table of Contents

List of Figures
Introduction
Chapter 1: São Paulo, the New Metropolis with a French University
Chapter 2: Atlantic Crossings and Disciplinary Reformulation
Chapter 3: Getting to Know Brazil: The New Country behind the Methodology
Chapter 4: Four Approaches to Global and Social-Scientific Crisis
Chapter 5: Brazil and the Reconstruction of the French Social Sciences
Chapter 6: Racial Democracy, Métissage, and Decolonization between Brazil and France
En Guise de Conclusion
Acknowledgments
List of Abbreviations and Archives
Notes
Index

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