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Revolution and Genocide

On the Origins of the Armenian Genocide and the Holocaust

In a study that compares the major attempts at genocide in world history, Robert Melson creates a sophisticated framework that links genocide to revolution and war. He focuses on the plights of Jews after the fall of Imperial Germany and of Armenians after the fall of the Ottoman as well as attempted genocides in the Soviet Union and Cambodia. He argues that genocide often is the end result of a complex process that starts when revolutionaries smash an old regime and, in its wake, try to construct a society that is pure according to ideological standards.

386 pages | 4 tables | 6 x 9 | © 1992

History: European History, General History

Political Science: Diplomacy, Foreign Policy, and International Relations

Table of Contents

Foreword by Leo Kuper
1: Introduction: Overview and Major Themes
Pt. I: Armenians and Jews under the Old Regimes in the Ottoman Empire and Imperial Germany
2: Armenians in the Ottoman Empire: The Massacres of 1894-1896
3: Jews in Imperial Germany: Antisemitism and the Upwardly Mobile Pariahs
4: The Failure of the Antisemitic Parties in Imperial Germany
Pt. II: Armenians and Jews under Revolutionary Regimes in the Ottoman Empire and Germany
5: The Turkish Revolution and the Armenian Genocide
6: The German Revolution and the Rise of the Nazi Party
7: The Revolution and the War against the Jews
Pt. III: Conclusion
8: Similarities and Differences between the Armenian Genocide and the Holocaust
9: Revolution and Genocide


PIOOM Foundation: PIOOM Award for Research on Root Causes of Human Rights Violations and

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