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Indian Reservations in the United States

Territory, Sovereignty, and Socioeconomic Change

In the most comprehensive and detailed cultural-geographic study ever conducted of the American Indian reservations in the forty-eight contiguous states, Klaus Frantz explores the reservations as living environments rather than historical footnotes. Although this study provides well-researched documentation of the generally deplorable living conditions on the reservations, it also seeks to discover and highlight the many possibilities for positive change.

Informed by both historical research and extensive fieldwork, this book pays special attention to the natural resource base and economic outlook of the reservations, as well as the crucial issue of tribal sovereignty. Chapters also cover the demography of American Indian groups and their socioeconomic status (including standard of living, employment, and education). A new afterword treats some of the developments since the book’s initial publication in German, such as the effects of the 1988 Indian gaming law that allowed Indian reservations to operate gambling establishments (with mixed success).

"Provides a good overview of the basic questions and problems facing reservation Indians today."—Peter Bolz, Journal of American History (on the German edition)

396 pages | 57 halftones, 36 maps, 19 line drawings, 30 tables | 6 x 9 | © 1999

University of Chicago Geography Research Papers

Economics and Business: Economics--Development, Growth, Planning

Geography: Cultural and Historical Geography

History: American History

Table of Contents

List of Tables
List of Figures
List of Abbreviations
1. Introduction
American Indians in Geographic and Related Research: A Summary Survey
The Topic Selection and the Problem of Collecting Data on Indian Reservations
Purpose and Structure of the Present Study
2. Two Hundred Years of Indian Policy in the United States
The Colonial Heritage and the Beginnings of U.S. Indian Policy
The Search for a Final Solution
Federal Indian Policy since the 1930s
3. From Sovereign Tribal Territory to the Indian Reservations of Today
The Reduction of Indian Territory and the Geographical Distribution of Today’s Reservations
The Legal Basis for Establishing Reservations
The Status of Landownership on Reservations
Characteristic Patterns of Territorial Development of the Indian Reservations and the Remains of Tribal Sovereignty
4. The American Indian Population
Counting the Uncountable? Problems in Demographic Analysis for American Indians
The Heterogeneity of American Indians
The Development and Distribution of the American Indian Population
The Demographic Structure of American Indians
5. The Socioeconomic Status of American Indians
A Comparison of the American Indian Standard of Living with Other Racial Groups in the United States
Employment and Labor Force Conditions on Indian Reservations
Educational Attainment and the Education System of American Indians
6. "Economic Spirit" and Economic Structure of the Indian Reservations: Value Systems and Other Regulating Factors
Sociocultural Components of the Economy
Factors That Hinder the Development of the Reservation Economy
Factors Potentially Favorable to the Development of the Reservation Economy
7. The Role of Mining on Reservation Lands
A Historical Outline
Income, Expanse and Regional Distribution
The Advantages, Disadvantages and Problems of Tribal Mineral Development
8. The Critical Issue of Tribal Water Rights
Indian Water Law: Different Interpretations
The Water Conflict between the State of Arizona and Its Reservations: A Study of the Fort Apache Indian Reservation
9. The Importance of Agriculture and Forestry
Agriculture and Grazing: The Natural Livelihood of the Reservation Indians?
Regional Examples of Reservation Agriculture in Arizona
Forestry in Indian Country
10. Manufactures and Services on the Reservations
Trading Posts and Their New Competitors
Other Businesses in the Service Sector for the Gila River, Havasupai, and Fort Apache Indian Reservations
Commercial and Industrial Enterprises in Indian Country: A Stocktaking
Industrial Parks, a New Phenomenon of the Indian Reservations: The Case of Arizona
11. Findings and Epilogue
Bibliography, Archival and Statistical Material, and List of Informants

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