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Fictions of the Cosmos

Science and Literature in the Seventeenth Century

Publication supported by the Bevington Fund

In today’s academe, the fields of science and literature are considered unconnected, one relying on raw data and fact, the other focusing on fiction. During the period between the Renaissance and the Enlightenment, however, the two fields were not so distinct. Just as the natural philosophers of the era were discovering in and adopting from literature new strategies and techniques for their discourse, so too were poets and storytellers finding inspiration in natural philosophy, particularly in astronomy.
A work that speaks to the history of science and literary studies, Fictions of the Cosmos explores the evolving relationship that ensued between fiction and astronomical authority. By examining writings of Kepler, Godwin, Hooke, Cyrano, Cavendish, Fontenelle, and others, Frédérique Aït-Touati shows that it was through the telling of stories—such as through accounts of celestial journeys—that the Copernican hypothesis, for example, found an ontological weight that its geometric models did not provide. Aït-Touati draws from both cosmological treatises and fictions of travel and knowledge, as well as personal correspondences, drawings, and instruments, to emphasize the multiple borrowings between scientific and literary discourses. This volume sheds new light on the practices of scientific invention, experimentation, and hypothesis formation by situating them according to their fictional or factual tendencies.

272 pages | 5 halftones, 2 line drawings, 2 tables | 6 x 9 | © 2011

History: History of Ideas

History of Science

Literature and Literary Criticism: General Criticism and Critical Theory


“Aït-Touati’s arguments are adroit and ingenious. . . . Fictions of the Cosmos makes a persuasive case for the intertwining of science and literature in the seventeenth century.”

Lawrence Lipking | New Republic

“This welcome translation . . . makes available in English a smartly learned study of texts involving lunar journeying, works in Latin, French, and English by, among others, Kepler, Galileo, Fontenelle, Huygens, Hooke, and Cavendish. . . . The volume will prove tonic for literary and scientific historians. . . . Highly recommended.”

E. D. Hill, Mount Holyoke College | Choice

“Any student of literature and astronomy in the seventeenth century will need to consult Fictions of the cosmos, including its bibliography.”

Dennis Danielson, University of British Columbia | Journal for the History of Astronomy

“[T]his splendid study offers a serious investigation of not just the common territory and shared strategies of what we would now term ‘science’ and ‘literature,’ but also of their inevitable efforts to distinguish themselves as autonomous discourses.”

Eileen Reeves, Princeton University | Studies in History and Philosophy of Science

“Aït-Touati’s book will no doubt open up a treasure trove of seminal ideas about the relationship between literature and science that will considerably enrich their knowledge and appreciation.”

Anthony J. DeSantis, University of South Florida | HOPOS

“[A] fascinating look at the seventeenth century in ways that will reveal new insights, even for scholars of the period.”

Sun News Network

“Aït-Touati raises profound theoretical issues for literary scholars in particular, including, of course, literary scholars of the seventeenth century. . . . This book will be much discussed in years to come.”

Elena Levy-Navarro, University of Wisconsin–Whitewater | Seventeenth-Century News

“A book as sweeping as the epic journeys from earth to moon and beyond that it traces from antiquity to the scientific revolution. . . . Fictions of the Cosmos is . . . a subtle literary history of a forgotten genre and a risk-taking, ambitious exercise in the history of science, one that sets out not simply to describe a paradigm shift in astronomical thinking but to sketch a revolution in the status of ‘fiction’ itself.”

Henry S. Turner, Rutgers University | Configurations

“Fictions of the Cosmos makes an important contribution to the study of early modern science and literature by attending to the role of rhetoric in shaping the language and forms of scientific discourse as distinct from the ‘literary’ genres to which it was once closely related. Like Kepler’s lunar voyager, the reader of her book is transported to another world—that of seventeenth-century cosmology—in order to see both that world and the modern one with fresh eyes.”

Jayne Elizabeth Archer, Aberystwith University | British Society for Literature and Science

“[D]eftly nuanced and finely controlled. . . . Fictions of the Cosmos is a model work for future interdisciplinary scholarship and a fascinating look into a period when scientific and literary imaginations formatively drew inspiration from the same sources as well as from each other.”


“Many scientists fear that the association of the words ‘fact’ and ‘fiction’ weakens their claims to objectivity. They tend to forget that science and literature had to drink at the same sources long before they began to part company and started to pit imagination against reality. Only by going back to the origin of this long and sad divorce, as Frédérique Aït-Touati has so beautifully shown, it is possible to discover how much objectivity owes to the powers of the tale—not to weaken science, but to strengthen it.”

Bruno Latour, Sciences Po Paris

“This witty and intelligent study of a wide range of writings about cosmos and travel in early modern Europe argues for a new model of the relation between literary and scientific imagination. The book shows in fascinating detail how an entirely new cosmology was sustained through remarkable feats of invention. It demonstrates the crucial relation between novel devices of astronomy and optics and equally subversive devices of fiction and rhetoric. This is an invaluable contribution both to Baroque literary history and to studies of the writing of the sciences. In her astute definition of a widespread ‘Copernican poetics,’ Aït-Touati sets out exciting and provocative theses about the transformation of travel stories and cosmological fantasy in a period of dramatic European crisis.”

Simon Schaffer, University of Cambridge

Fictions of the Cosmos is one of the most original and engrossing books to appear in ages from within the whole field of literature and science. What Frédérique Aït-Touati does is to put aside the merely analogical use of science by literary figures, and instead to examine the way natural philosophers and literary figures shared productive strategies about how to narrate the physical world. Drawing from the history of philosophy, classical literature, motifs, and rhetoric, she shows vividly how some of the key figures of the scientific revolution (among others, Kepler, Huygens, Hooke, and Margaret Cavendish) constructed their stories of nature. Fictions deepens our understanding of early modern science, showing how writing gave ontological weight and persuasive force to the universes evoked: micro-realities and cosmologies, instruments and voyages to other worlds. It is a remarkable book.”

Peter Galison, Harvard University

Table of Contents


1 Kepler Sets the Earth in Motion
Genealogy of the Dream: From Ludus Philosophicus to the Game of Fiction * The Dynamics of the Voyage: A Thought-Experiment * Vision in the Voyage * The Place of Fiction
2 Godwin, Wilkins, Cyrano: From the Optical Voyage to Mechanical Voyage
The Man in the Moone * A World in the Moon * From Heavens to the Sky: Cyrano’s Other World * Conclusion: Dreams and Fictions


3 Fontenelle: Unveiling the Spectacle of the World
Machine and Spectacle * Order of the Narrative, Harmony of the World * Fontenelle’s Visions
4 Huygens: The Theoretical Voyage of the Cosmotheoros
Hypotheses, Conjectures, Fictions * Architectonics of the Narrative * Conclusion: Hypotheses and Narratives


5 Robert Hooke: “The Armed Eye”
Micrographia * From Enargeia to Evidence * Hooke the Astronomer * Poetics of Proof * Conclusion: Instruments and Images
6 Margaret Cavendish: The Battle of Instruments
“A High Heel to a Short Leg” * A Teratology of Knowledge * The Empire of Fiction * Conclusion

Notes * Bibliography * Index


British Society for Literature and Science: BSLS Book Prize

Modern Language Association: MLA Scaglione Prize for Comparative Literary Studies

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