A Scientific American Reader
A Scientific American Reader
From the Scopes “Monkey Trial” of 1925 to the court ruling against the Dover Area School Board’s proposed intelligent design curriculum in 2005, few scientific topics have engendered as much controversy—or grabbed as many headlines—as evolution. And since the debate shows no signs of abating, there is perhaps no better time to step back and ask: What is evolution? Defined as the gradual process by which something changes into a different and usually more complex and efficient form, evolution explains the formation of the universe, the nature of viruses, and the emergence of humans. A first-rate summary of the actual science of evolution, this Scientific American reader is a timely collection that gives readers an opportunity to consider evolution’s impact in various settings.
Divided into four sections that consider the evolution of the universe, cells, dinosaurs, and humans, Evolution brings together more than thirty articles written by some of the world’s most respected evolutionary scientists. As tour guides through the genesis of the universe and complex cells, P. James E. Peebles examines the evidence in support of an expanding cosmos, while Christian de Duve discusses the birth of eukaryotes. In an article that anticipated his book Full House, Stephen Jay Gould argues that chance and contingency are as important as natural selection for evolutionary change. And Ian Tatersall makes two fascinating contributions, submitting his view that the schematic of human evolution looks less like a ladder and more like a bush.
With the latest on what’s being researched at every level of evolutionary studies, from prospects of life on other planets to the inner working of cells, Evolution offers general readers an opportunity to update their knowledge on this hot topic while giving students an introduction to the problems and methodologies of an entire field of inquiry.
312 pages | 72 halftones, 11 line drawings | 6 x 9 | © 2006
Anthropology: Physical Anthropology
Earth Sciences: General Earth Sciences
Physical Sciences: Physics and Astronomy
Table of Contents
The Evolution of the Universe
The First Stars in the Universe
Exploring Our Universe and Others
Searching for Life in Our Solar System
The Fate of Life in the Universe
Life’s Rocky Start
Misconceptions about the Big Bang
The Evolution of the Earth
Uprooting the Tree of Life
The Birth of Complex Cells
How Cells Respond to Stress
Cell Communication: The Inside Story
Life, Death and the Immune System
DINOSAURS AND OTHER MONSTERS
Rulers of the Jurassic Seas
The Mammals That Conquered the Seas
Breathing Life into Tyrannosaurus rex
Madagascar’s Mesozoic Secrets
Which Came First, the Feather or the Bird?
The Terror Birds of South America
The Evolution of Life on Earth
An Ancestor to Call Our Own
Early Hominid Fossils from Africa
Planet of the Apes
Once We Were Not Alone
Out of Africa Again... and Again?
Who Were the Neandertals
Food for Thought
The Evolution of Human Birth
Once Were Cannibals
If Humans Were Built to Last