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Development and Crisis of the Welfare State

Parties and Policies in Global Markets

Evelyne Huber and John D. Stephens offer the most systematic examination to date of the origins, character, effects, and prospects of generous welfare states in advanced industrial democracies in the post—World War II era. They demonstrate that prolonged government by different parties results in markedly different welfare states, with strong differences in levels of poverty and inequality. Combining quantitative studies with historical qualitative research, the authors look closely at nine countries that achieved high degrees of social protection through different types of welfare regimes: social democratic states, Christian democratic states, and "wage earner" states. In their analysis, the authors emphasize the distribution of influence between political parties and labor movements, and also focus on the underestimated importance of gender as a basis for mobilization.

Building on their previous research, Huber and Stephens show how high wages and generous welfare states are still possible in an age of globalization and trade competition.

368 pages | 28 tables | 6 x 9 | © 2001

Political Science: Diplomacy, Foreign Policy, and International Relations, Political Behavior and Public Opinion

Table of Contents

List of Tables
1. Introduction
Outline of the Argument
Methodological Contributions
Theoretical Contributions
2. Theoretical Framework and Methodological Approach
Theoretical Framework
Methodological Approach
3. The Development of Welfare States: Quantitative Evidence
Analytic Techniques
4. Welfare State and Production Regimes
Welfare State and Production Regimes
The Performance of Regimes
5. The Development of Welfare States and Production Regimes in the Golden Age: A Comparative Historical Analysis
Paths to the Nordic Welfare State
The Christian Democratic Welfare States of Northern Europe
The Antipodean Wage Earner Welfare States
Comparative Analysis
6. Welfare State Retrenchment: Quantitative Evidence
Data and Methods
7. The Politics of Welfare States after the Golden Age: A Comparative Historical Analysis
Changes in the International Economy and Domestic Social Structures and Their Effects
The Nordic Social Democratic Welfare States
The Northern Continental Christian Democratic Welfare States
The Antipodes
The Impact of Retrenchment
8. Conclusion
Summary of Arguments
Speculation and Prescription
Contributions to Theories of the Welfare State
Contributions to Theories of the State


APSA Political Economy Section: William H. Riker Book Award

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