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Chimpanzees in Context

A Comparative Perspective on Chimpanzee Behavior, Cognition, Conservation, and Welfare

With a Foreword by Jane Goodall

Chimpanzees in Context

A Comparative Perspective on Chimpanzee Behavior, Cognition, Conservation, and Welfare

With a Foreword by Jane Goodall
The study of the chimpanzee, one of the human species’ closest relatives, has led scientists to exciting discoveries about evolution, behavior, and cognition over the past half century. In this book, rising and veteran scholars take a fascinating comparative approach to the culture, behavior, and cognition of both wild and captive chimpanzees. By seeking new perspectives in how the chimpanzee compares to other species, the scientists featured offer a richer understanding of the ways in which chimpanzees’ unique experiences shape their behavior. They also demonstrate how different methodologies provide different insights, how various cultural experiences influence our perspectives of chimpanzees, and how different ecologies in which chimpanzees live affect how they express themselves.
After a foreword by Jane Goodall, the book features sections that examine chimpanzee life histories and developmental milestones, behavior, methods of study, animal communication, cooperation, communication, and tool use. The book ends with chapters that consider how we can apply contemporary knowledge of chimpanzees to enhance their care and conservation. Collectively, these chapters remind us of the importance of considering the social, ecological, and cognitive context of chimpanzee behavior, and how these contexts shape our comprehension of chimpanzees. Only by leveraging these powerful perspectives do we stand a chance at improving how we understand, care for, and protect this species.

752 pages | 71 halftones, 44 tables | 6 x 9 | © 2020

Biological Sciences: Anatomy, Behavioral Biology, Biology--Systematics, Conservation, Ecology


“Our increased understanding of primate behavior has helped us to better understand ourselves. We are not (as was commonly believed in the early 1960s) the only species able to use and make tools, have personalities, minds, and emotions. There is, after all, no difference in kind between us and other animals. Knowing that our closest living relatives are the great apes and studying ways in which our behavior is so similar to theirs, also helps us appreciate the main differencethe explosive development of the human intellect. How strange that the most intellectual species is destroying our only home, Planet Earth. . . . It takes considerable time to study the many facets of a chimpanzee’s life. But we don’t have much time left if we are to do something to help the survival of our closest living relatives. Now it is time to use our intellect to start healing the harm we have inflicted, to protect the habitats of our primate relatives (along with biodiversity) before it is quite too late.”

Jane Goodall, from the foreword

“Anyone who wishes to be up to date on chimpanzees and bonobos needs to read this volume. A wealth of knowledge has been gathered by a new generation of enthusiastic researchers both in captivity and in the field. Topics range from social behavior and cognition to conservation and optimal care. It is rare to find so much hard-won information together in one place.”

Frans de Waal, author of "Mama’s Last Hug: Animal Emotions and What They Tell Us about Ourselves"

“Mind-bending discoveries with far-reaching implications are abundant inside this volume. A whole community of the best and brightest scientists reveal startling new secrets about the lives of our closest animal relatives. Following in the pioneering footsteps of Jane Goodall, what they share will surprise and delight every animal lover and academic alike. If you ever wondered how much chimpanzees are like us compared to other animals, this is the book for you.”

Brian Hare, coauthor of "Survival of the Friendliest: Understanding Our Origins and Rediscovering Our Common Humanity"

"Chimpanzees in Context is a comprehensive summary of what we know about these remarkable animals and provides information that is essential in developing conservation protocols. . . . [A] forward-looking collection."

Marc Bekoff | Psychology Today

Table of Contents

J. Goodall

Preface: Understanding Chimpanzees in Context
L. M. Hopper and S. R. Ross


Part 1: Life Histories and Developmental Milestones

1: Ecological Risk and the Evolution of Great Ape Life Histories
C. D. Knott and F. S. Harwell

2: Growing Up: Comparing Ontogeny of Bonobos and Chimpanzees
V. Behringer, J. M. G. Stevens, T. Deschner, and G. Hohmann

3: Dolphins and Chimpanzees: A Case for Convergence?
J. Mann, M. A. Stanton, and C. M. Murray

Part 2: A Social Species

4: Social Behavior and Social Tolerance in Chimpanzees and Bonobos
J. P. Taglialatela, S. A. Skiba, R. E. Evans, S. Bogart, and N. G. Schwob

5: Endurance and Flexibility of Close Social Relationships: Comparing Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) and Sooty Mangabeys (Cercocebusatys atys)
R. M. Wittig, A. Mielke, J. Lester, and C. Crockford

6: Urinary Androgens, Dominance Hierarchies, and Social Group Structure among Wild Male Mountain Gorillas
S. Rosenbaum, R. Santymire, and T. S. Stoinski

Part 3: Studying Chimpanzees

7: Methods to Study Chimpanzee Social Learning from a Comparative Perspective
L. M. Hopper and A. J. Carter

8: Automated Methods and the Technological Context of Chimpanzee Research
C. F. Martin and I. Adachi

9: The Establishment of Sanctuaries for Former Laboratory Chimpanzees: Challenges, Successes, and Cross-Cultural Context
S. Hirata, N. Morimura, K. Watanuki, and S. R. Ross

Part 4: Communication

10: Gestural Communication in the Great Apes: Tracing the Origins of Language
C. Hobaiter

11: Flexibility in Great Ape Vocal Production
S. W. Townsend, S. K. Watson, and K. E. Slocombe

12: Vocal Communication in Chimpanzees and Bonobos: A Window into the Social World
Z. Clay

Part 5: Cooperation

13: Cooperation and Communication in Great Apes
S. Duguid, M. Allritz, A. de las Heras, S. Nolte, and J. Call

14: The Evolution of Cooperation in Dyads and in Groups: Comparing Chimpanzees and Bonobos in the Wild and in the Laboratory
S. Yamamoto

15: Putting Chimpanzee Cooperation in Context
G. L. Vale and S. F. Brosnan

16: A Comparison of Cooperative Cognition in Corvids, Chimpanzees, and Other Animals
J. J. M. Massen, W. A. A. Schaake, and T. Bugnyar

Part 6: Tool Use, Cognition, and Culture

17: Extractive Foraging in an Extreme Environment: Tool and Proto-tool Use by Chimpanzees at Fongoli, Senegal
J. D. Pruetz, S. L. Bogart, and S. Lindshield

18: Cultural Transmission in Dispersing Primates
L. V. Luncz and E. van de Waal

19: On the Origin of Cumulative Culture: Consideration of the Role of Copying in Culture-Dependent Traits and a Reappraisal of the Zone of Latent Solutions Hypothesis
C. Tennie, L. M. Hopper, and C. P. van Schaik

20: Cognitive Control and Metacognition in Chimpanzees
M. J. Beran, B. M. Perdue, and A. E. Parrish

Part 7: Caring for Chimpanzees

21: Chimpanzees in US Zoos, Sanctuaries, and Research Facilities: A Survey-Based Comparison of Atypical Behaviors
M. A. Bloomsmith, A. W. Clay, S. R. Ross, S. P. Lambeth, C. K. Lutz, S. D. Breaux, R. Pietsch, A. Fultz, M. L. Lammey, S. L. Jacobson, and J. E. Perlman

22: When Is “Natural” Better? The Welfare Implications of Limiting Reproduction in Captive Chimpanzees
K. A. Cronin and S. R. Ross

23: How Chimpanzee Personality and Video Studies Can Inform Management and Care of the Species: A Case Study
E. S. Herrelko, S. J. Vick, and H. M. Buchanan-Smith

24: Chimpanzee Welfare in the Context of Science, Policy, and Practice
S. R. Ross

Part 8: Conserving Chimpanzees

25: Chimpanzee Conservation: What We Know, What We Do Not Know, and Ways Forward
C. A. Chapman, K. Valenta, S. Bortolamiol, S. K. Mugume, and M. Yao

26: Holistic Approach for Conservation of Chimpanzees in Kibale National Park, Uganda
J. A. Hartel, E. Otali, Z. Machanda, R. W. Wrangham, and E. Ross

27: Forest Certification and the High Conservation Value Concept: Protecting Great Apes in the Sangha Trinational Landscape in an Era of Industrial Logging
D. B. Morgan, W. Winston, C. E. Ayina, W. Mayoukou, E. V. Lonsdorf, and C. M. Sanz
List of Contributors

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