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Ecology and Evolution Taking Flight

In Butterflies: Ecology and Evolution Taking Flight, the world’s leading experts synthesize current knowledge of butterflies to show how the study of these fascinating creatures as model systems can lead to deeper understanding of ecological and evolutionary patterns and processes in general. The twenty-six chapters are organized into broad functional areas, covering the uses of butterflies in the study of behavior, ecology, genetics and evolution, systematics, and conservation biology. Especially in the context of the current biodiversity crisis, this book shows how results found with butterflies can help us understand large, rapid changes in the world we share with them—for example, geographic distributions of some butterflies have begun to shift in response to global warming, giving early evidence of climate change that scientists, politicians, and citizens alike should heed.

The first international synthesis of butterfly biology in two decades, Butterflies: Ecology and Evolution Taking Flight offers students, scientists, and amateur naturalists a concise overview of the latest developments in the field. Furthermore, it articulates an exciting new perspective of the whole group of approximately 15,000 species of butterflies as a comprehensive model system for all the sciences concerned with biodiversity and its preservation.

Carol L. Boggs, Paul M. Brakefield, Adriana D. Briscoe, Dana L. Campbell, Elizabeth E. Crone, Mark Deering, Henri Descimon, Erika I. Deinert, Paul R. Ehrlich, John P. Fay, Richard ffrench-Constant, Sherri Fownes, Lawrence E. Gilbert, André Gilles, Ilkka Hanski, Jane K. Hill, Brian Huntley, Niklas Janz, Greg Kareofelas, Nusha Keyghobadi, P. Bernhard Koch, Claire Kremen, David C. Lees, Jean-François Martin, Antónia Monteiro, Paulo César Motta, Camille Parmesan, William D. Patterson, Naomi E. Pierce, Robert A. Raguso, Charles Lee Remington, Jens Roland, Ronald L. Rutowski, Cheryl B. Schultz, J. Mark Scriber, Arthur M. Shapiro, Michael C. Singer, Felix Sperling, Curtis Strobeck, Aram Stump, Chris D. Thomas, Richard VanBuskirk, Hans Van Dyck, Richard I. Vane-Wright, Ward B. Watt, Christer Wiklund, and Mark A. Willis

Additional data material for the book is available.

756 pages | 30 color plates, 3 halftones, 110 line drawings, 59 tables | 7 x 10 | © 2003

Biological Sciences: Biology--Systematics, Conservation, Ecology, Evolutionary Biology

Table of Contents

Charles Lee Remington
I. Introduction
Butterflies, Test Systems, and Biodiversity
Paul R. Ehrlich
II. Behavior
1. Visual Ecology of Adult Butterflies
Ronald L. Rutowski
2. Molecular and Physiological Diversity of Visual Mechanisms in Papilio
Adriana D. Briscoe
3. Hawkmoth Pollination in Arizona’s Sonoran Desert: Behavioral Responses to Floral Traits
Robert A. Raguso and Mark A. Willis
4. Sexual Selection and the Evolution of Butterfly Mating Systems
Christer Wiklund
5. Mate Location and Competition for Mates in a Pupal Mating Butterfly
Erika I. Deinert
III. Ecology
6. Phenofaunistics: Seasonality as a Property of Butterfly Faunas
Arthur M. Shapiro, Richard VanBuskirk, Greg Kareofelas, and William D. Patterson
7. Modeling Present and Potential Future Ranges of European Butterflies Using Climate Response Surfaces
Jane K. Hill, Chris D. Thomas, and Brian Huntley
8. Ink Marks and Molecular Markers: Examining the Effects of Landscape on Dispersal Using Both Mark-Recapture and Molecular Methods
Nusha Keyghobadi, Jens Roland, Sherri Fownes, and Curtis Strobeck
9. Environmental Variation, Life Histories, and Allocation
Carol L. Boggs
10. Spatial and Temporal Patterns of Checkerspot Butterfly–Host Plant Association: The Diverse Roles of Oviposition Preference
Michael C. Singer
11. Sex Linkage of Host Plant Use in Butterflies
Niklas Janz
IV. Genetics and Evolutionary Dynamics
12. The Evolution of Butterfly Eyespot Patterns
Paul M. Brakefield and Antónia Monteiro
13. Mimicry and Melanism in Swallowtail Butterflies: Toward a Molecular Understanding
Richard ffrench-Constant and P. Bernhard Koch
14. Adaptive Novelty through Introgression in Heliconius Wing Patterns: Evidence for a Shared Genetic "Toolbox" from Synthetic Hybrid Zones and a Theory of Diversification 000
Lawrence E. Gilbert
15. Mechanistic Studies of Butterfly Adaptations
Ward B. Watt
16. Mate Location: A Matter of Design? Adaptive Morphological Variation in the Speckled Wood Butterfly
Hans Van Dyck
17. Hybrid Zone Ecology and Tiger Swallowtail Trait Clines in North America
J. Mark Scriber, Mark Deering, and Aram Stump
V. Systematics and Species Diversification
18. Phylogenetic Relationships of the Riodinidae: Implications for the Evolution of Ant Association
Dana L. Campbell and Naomi E. Pierce
19. Phylogenetic Relationships of Ithomiinae based on First-Instar Larvae
Paulo César Motta
20. Butterfly Molecular Systematics: From Species Definitions to Higher-Level Phylogenies
Felix Sperling
21. Species Concepts and Sibling Species: The Case of Leptidea sinapis and Leptidea reali
Jean-François Martin, André Gilles, and Henri Descimon
22. Evidence and Identity in Butterfly Systematics
Richard I. Vane-Wright
VI. Conservation and Biodiversity
23. Butterflies and Conservation Planning in Madagascar: From Pattern to Practice
Claire Kremen, David C. Lees, and John P. Fay
24. Butterflies as Bioindicators for Climate Change Effects
Camille Parmesan
25. Movement Behavior and Minimum Patch Size for Butterfly Population Persistence
Elizabeth E. Crone and Cheryl B. Schultz
26. Biology of Extinctions in Butterfly Metapopulations
Ilkka Hanski
VII. Synthesis
Butterflies as Model Systems in Ecology and Evolution-—Present and Future
Ward B. Watt and Carol L. Boggs

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