Skip to main content

Abraham Geiger and the Jewish Jesus

Was Jesus the founder of Christianity or a teacher of Judaism? When he argued the latter based on the New Testament, Abraham Geiger ignited an intense debate that began in nineteenth-century Germany but continues to this day.

Geiger, a pioneer of Reform Judaism and a founder of Jewish studies, developed a Jewish version of Christian origins. He contended that Jesus was a member of the Pharisees, a progressive and liberalizing group within first-century Judaism, and that he taught nothing new or original. This argument enraged German Protestant theologians, some of whom produced a tragic counterargument based on racial theory.

In this fascinating book, Susannah Heschel traces the genesis of Geiger’s argument and examines the reaction to it within Christian theology. She concludes that Geiger initiated an intellectual revolt by the colonized against the colonizer, an attempt not to assimilate into Christianity by adopting Jesus as a Jew, but to overthrow Christian intellectual hegemony by claiming that Christianity—and all of Western civilization—was the product of Judaism.

332 pages | 3 halftones | 6 x 9 | © 1998

Chicago Studies in the History of Judaism

Religion: Judaism

Table of Contents

Introduction: Reversing the Gaze
Ch. 1: The Creation of a Historical Theologian
Ch. 2: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam: Prelude of Revisionist Configurations
Ch. 3: Reconceiving Early Judaism
Ch. 4: D. F. Strauss, the Tubingen School, and Albrecht Ritschl
Ch. 5: The Jewish Jesus and the Protestant Flight from the Historical Jesus
Ch. 6: From Jesus to Christianity: Geiger on the Postapostolic Era
Ch. 7: Fixing the Theological Gaze: The Reception of Geiger’s Work


Jewish Book Council: National Jewish Book Award

Be the first to know

Get the latest updates on new releases, special offers, and media highlights when you subscribe to our email lists!

Sign up here for updates about the Press