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Distributed for University of British Columbia Press


A Nuu-chah-nulth Worldview

In Tsawalk, hereditary chief Umeek develops a theory of "Tsawalk," meaning "one," that views the nature of existence as an integrated and orderly whole, and thereby recognizes the intrinsic relationship between the physical and spiritual. Umeek demonstrates how Tsawalk provides a viable theoretical alternative that both complements and expands the view of reality presented by Western science. Tsawalk, he argues, allows both Western and indigenous views to be combined in order to advance our understanding of the universe. In addition, he shows how various fundamental aspects of Nuu-chah-nulth society are based upon Tsawalk, and what implications it has today for both Native and non-Native peoples.

168 pages

Table of Contents



Introduction: Development of an Indigenous Theory

1 Tsawalk * Origin Tales and the Nature of Reality: How Son of Raven Captured the Day

2 Utl-cla * He-xwa: The Struggle for Balance

3 Xaata-tsa * Thluch-ha: Getting Married

4 Muu * Quis-hai-cheelth: One Who Transforms

5 Suh-tcha * Thlawk-thlawk-qua: A Humble Petition

6 Nuu-Pooh * Tloo-utl-ish-sum: Remember Me

7 Utl-Pooh * Heshook-ish Tsawalk: Everything Is One





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