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Distributed for University of British Columbia Press

Tribal Boundaries in the Nass Watershed

In this book, the Gitksan and Gitanyow present their response to the use of the treaty process by the Nisga’a to expand into Gitksan and Gitanyow territory on the upper Nass River and demonstrate the ownership of their territory according to their own legal system. They call upon the ancient oral history (“adaawk”) and their intimate knowledge of the territory and its geographical features to establish, before witnesses, their title to lands in the upper Nass watershed.

348 pages

Table of Contents





1 Introduction

2 The Adaawk Record and Tribal Boundaries in the Nass Watershed

3 The Gitksan Documentary Record: Gitanyow

4 The Gitksan Documentary Record: Kuldo, Kisgaga’as, and Kispiox

5 The Nisga’a Documentary Record

6 Witnesses on the Land: The Euro-Canadian Record, 1832-1930

7 Conclusion

8 Epilogue


1 Territories of the Gitksan and Carrier Indians (GCTC – 1977)

2 Nisga’a-Tahltan Joint Signing (1977)

3 Nisga’a Claim (Citizens Plus – 1979)

4 Letter to Nisga’a Tribal Council (5 November 1986)

5 Reaffirmation of Tahltan-Nisga’a Tribal Boundary (LS&B – 1995)

6 Traditional Nisga’a Territory – Land Question Boundary Map (LS&B – 1995)

7 Gitanyow Territory (from Histories, Territories and Laws of the Kitwancool – 1959)

8 Statement of Vernon Marion, Tahltan President (7 April 1987)

9 Agenda, with Correspondence and Maps from Nisga’a Tribal Council Provided at Joint Nisga’a-Gitksan Meeting (8 August 1986)


Glossary of Terms

Glossary of Place Names

Glossary of Chiefs’ Names



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