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Distributed for University of British Columbia Press

Twice Migrated, Twice Displaced

Indian and Pakistani Transnational Households in Canada

A study of the unique experiences of South Asian migrants in Toronto. 
Twice Migrated, Twice Displaced reveals the multiple migration patterns of Indian and Pakistani migrants via Persian Gulf countries, and the class, gender, racial, and religious discrimination they encounter both during their journey and upon arrival in Canada. Tania Das Gupta shows how neoliberal economies in Canada, South Asia, and the Persian Gulf divide families across borders by devaluing labor and dismantling public welfare. The hybrid identities that result, Gupta argues, should change how we think about community building, class mobility, discrimination, and citizenship in an increasingly transnational world. 

214 pages | 14 tables | 6 x 9

Sociology: Individual, State and Society, Race, Ethnic, and Minority Relations

Table of Contents


1 Locating the Transnational within a Racialized, Gendered, Neo-Liberal Global Capitalism

2 "Western Comforts and Eastern culture": The First Migration to the Gulf

3 "We Did Not Land in the Ground; We Landed in the Ditch": The Second Migration to Canada

4 Hybrid, Flexible and Reactive Identities

5 Two-step Migrations, Split Families and Ambivalent Canadians


Appendix 1: Overview of Interviewees in the Study Appendix 2: Informed Consent Form

Appendix 3: Interview Guide for the Twice Migrated from South Asia

Appendix 4: Informed Consent Form

Appendix 5: Interview guide for Twice Migrated Youth

Notes; References; index

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