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Distributed for University of British Columbia Press

Since the Time of the Transformers

The Ancient Heritage of the Nuu-chah-nulth, Ditidaht, and Makah

This book examines over 4000 years of culture history of the related Nuu-chah-nulth, Ditidaht, and Makah peoples on western Vancouver Island and the Olympic Peninsula. Using data from the Toquaht Archaeological Project, McMillan challenges current ethnographic interpretations that show little or no change in these peoples’ culture. Instead, by combining historical evidence, recent archaeological data, and oral traditions he demonstrates conclusively that there were in fact extensive cultural changes and restructuring in these societies in the century following contact with Europeans.

Table of Contents

Illustrations, Maps, and Tables


1 Setting the Stage

2 Differing Approaches to the Nuu-chah-nulth Past

3 Archaeological Research in Nuu-chah-nulth Territory

4 The Emergence of the West Coast Culture Type

5 The Late West Coast Culture Type

6 The Transition to Recorded History

7 Recent History and the Modern Communities



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