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Sites of European Antisemitism in the Age of Mass Politics, 1880–1918

This innovative collection of essays on the upsurge of antisemitism across Europe in the decades around 1900 shifts the focus away from intellectuals and well-known incidents to less-familiar events, actors, and locations, including smaller towns and villages. This “from below” perspective offers a new look at a much-studied phenomenon: essays link provincial violence and antisemitic politics with regional, state, and even transnational trends. Featuring a diverse array of geographies that include Great Britain, France, Austria-Hungary, Romania, Italy, Greece, and the Russian Empire, the book demonstrates the complex interplay of many factors—economic, religious, political, and personal—that led people to attack their Jewish neighbors.

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments • Introduction—Robert Nemes and Daniel Unowsky • PART 1. CATHOLICISM, ANTISEMITISM, AND ANTI-JEWISH VIOLENCE • Local Violence, Regional Politics, and State Crisis: The 1898 Anti-Jewish Riots in Habsburg Galicia—Daniel Unowsky • Catholics and the Rhetoric of Antisemitic Violence in fin-de-siècle France—Vicki Caron • “L’Osservatore Cattolico” and Davide Albertario: Catholic Public Relations and Antisemitic Propaganda in Milan—Ulrich Wyrwa • PART 2. LOCAL VIOLENCE AND “ETHNIC” POLITICS • The Brusturoasa Uprising in Romania—Iulia Onac • From Boycott to Riot: The Moravian Anti-Jewish Violence of 1899 and Its Background—Michal Frankl • “An Antisemitic Aftertaste”: Anti-Jewish Violence in Habsburg Croatia—Marija Vulesica • PART 3. THE CIRCLE WIDENS • “Trouble Is Yet Coming!”: The British Brothers League, Immigration, and Anti-Jewish Sentiment in London’s East End, 1901–1903—Sam Johnson • Bigamy and Bigotry in the Austrian Alps: Antisemitism, Gender, and the “Hervay Affair” of 1904—Alison Rose • The Blood Libel on Greek Islands in the Nineteenth Century—Mary Margaroni • PART 4. REVOLUTION AND WAR • “Horrible Were the Avengers, but the Jews Were Horrible, Too”: Anti-Jewish Riots in Rural Lithuania in 1905—Klaus Richter • Duty and Ambivalence: The Russian Army and Pogroms, 1903–1906—Gerald D. Surh • Refugees and Antisemitism in Hungary during the First World War—Robert Nemes • Afterword: European Antisemitism, the Search for a Pattern—Hillel J. Kieval • Notes • About the Contributors • Index

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