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Science, Race, and Ethnicity

Readings from Isis and Osiris

Recent scholarship has argued that "race" is a fairly recent concept in Western thought and arose concurrently with modern science. Yet, in recent decades, science has been a powerful tool employed against racialist thinking. How is it that science has been a factor for both the rise of racialist thinking and its demise? This volume of essays, drawn from the journals Isis and Osiris, demonstrates that race and political and social ideologies have interacted in complex and unexpected ways.

350 pages | 6-3/4 x 10 | © 2002

History of Science

Sociology: Race, Ethnic, and Minority Relations

Table of Contents

John P. Jackson, Jr.: Editor’s Foreword

Nancy Leys Stepan: Race and Gender: The Role of Analogy in Science

Darwinism and Race
Malcolm Jay Kottler: Alfred Russel Wallace, the Origin of Man, and Spiritualism
Kentwood D. Wells: William Charles Wells and the Races of Man
Neal C. Gillespie: The Duke of Argyll, Evolutionary Anthropology and the Art of Scientific Controversy

Science, Race, and Politics
Mitchell B. Hart: Racial Science, Social Science, and the Politics of Jewish Assimilation
Jennifer Michael Hecht: The Solvency of Metaphysics: The debate over Racial Science and Moral Philosophy in France, 1890-1919
Edward H. Beardsley: The American Scientist as Social Activist: Franz Boas, Burt G. Wilder, and the Cause and the Cause of Racial Justice, 1900-1915
John P. Jackson Jr.: Blind Law and Powerless Science: The American Jewish Congress, the NAACP, and the Scientific Case Against Discrimination, 1945-1950

Rassenhygiene and Germany
Peter Weingart: German Eugenics between Science and Politics
Sheila Faith Weiss: The Race Hygiene Movement in Germany
Sheila Faith Weiss: Wilhelm Schallmayer and the Logic of German Eugenics

The Institutional Bases of Racial Science
Elizabeth Williams: Anthropological Institutions in Nineteenth Century France
Garland E. Allen: The Eugenics Record Office at Cold Spring Harbor, 1910-1940: An Essay in Institutional History
Stuart McCook: It May Be Truth, But It Is Not Evidence: Paul Du Chaillu and the Legitimation of Evidence in the Field Sciences
Joan Mark: Francis La Flesche: The American Indian as Anthropologist

Racial Sciences, National Contexts, and Colonialism
Patricia M. E. Lorcin: Imperialism, Colonial Identity, and Race in Algeria, 1830-1870: The Role of the French Medical Corps
Harriet Deacon: Racism and Medical Science in South Africa’s Cape Colony in the Mid- to Late Nineteenth Century
Tess Morris-Suzuki: Debating Racial Science in Wartime Japan


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