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Distributed for Reaktion Books


The ancient Egyptians worshipped them, the Romans dressed them in fitted coats, and the Christians associated them with their divine savior. In Sheep, Philip Armstrong traces the natural and cultural history of both wild and domestic species of ovis, from the Old World mouflon to the corkscrew-horned flocks of the Egyptians, from the Trojan sheep of Homer’s Odyssey to the cannibal sheep of Thomas More’s Utopia, from the vast migratory mobs of Spanish merinos all the way to Dolly—the first animal we have ever cloned—and Haruki Murakami’s sheep-human hybrids.
As Armstrong shows, humans have treated sheep with awe, cruelty or disdain for many thousands of years. Our exploitation of them for milk, meat, and wool—but also for artistic and cultural purposes—has shaped both our history and theirs. Despite all that we owe them we have often dismissed sheep as the least witted and least interesting of mammals: to be accused of “sheepishness” or behaving “like a flock of sheep” is to be denigrated for lack of courage, individuality, or will. Yet, as this book demonstrates, sheep actually possess highly sophisticated social skills and emotional intelligence. Above all, Sheep demonstrates that sometimes the most mundane animals turn out to be the most surprising.

208 pages | 70 color plates, 30 halftones | 4 3/4 x 6 3/4 | © 2016


Biological Sciences: Behavioral Biology, Natural History

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“In Sheep, a superb volume that more than meets the high bar set in the Reaktion Books Animal Series, scholar Philip Armstrong notes that ‘no other domestic animal fades from view, even as we use it, quite as completely as the sheep’—before setting this situation to rights. In six chapters with titles such as ‘Sheepishness’ and ‘A Sheep-shaped World,’ each graced with gorgeous illustrations in natural and cultural history ranging from ‘The exuberantly polycerate Jacob Sheep’ that can have up to six horns to ‘Don Quixote’s ovine delusion,’ Armstrong produces a sheep manifesto that’s both delightful and disturbing.”

Times Literary Supplement

Table of Contents

1 Sheepishness
2 How Sheep Became
3 Ancient Yarns
4 A Sheep-shaped World
5 Little Lamb, Who Made Thee?
6 Sheepliness
Select Bibliography
Associations and Websites
Photo Acknowledgements

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