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Distributed for Center for the Study of Language and Information

Reference and Reflexivity

2nd Edition


In this volume John Perry develops his “reflexive-referential” account of indexicals, demonstratives, and proper names. For this new second edition, Perry has added a new preface and two chapters on the distinction between semantics and pragmatics and on attitude reports. He reveals a coherent and structured family of contents—from reflexive contents that place conditions on their actual utterance to fully incremental contents that place conditions only on the objects of reference—reconciling the legitimate insights of both the referentialist and descriptivist traditions.

332 pages | 5 1/2 x 8 1/2 | © 2012

Lecture Notes

Language and Linguistics: General Language and Linguistics

Table of Contents

Preface to the Second Edition
Preface to the First Edition

1. Two Problems About Reference
1.1 Mach and the shabby pedagogue
    1.2 Paradigms, arguments and problems
    1.3 Has semantics rested on a mistake?
    1.4 The reflexive-referential theory
    1.5 Network content
    1.6 Plan
Part I. Reflexivity and the Co-reference Problem
2. Contents and Propositions
2.1 Introduction
    2.2 Meaning and content
    2.3 Common sense and official content
    2.4 The classificatory concept of content
    2.5 Conditions and propositions
    2.6 Varieties of designation
3. Utterance and Context
3.1 Introduction
    3.2 The reflexive-referential theory
    3.3 Signs, tokens and utterances
    3.4 Context
    3.5 Semantic uses of context
    3.6 Content-supplemental uses of context
4. Context and Cognitive Paths
4.1 Introduction
    4.2 Information games
    4.3 Cognitive paths
    4.4 Indexicals and contexts
    4.5 Stretch the dog
    4.6 Dthat
    4.7 Real, doxastic and fictional contexts
5. Meanings and Contents
5.1 Introduction
    5.2 Reichenbach, reflexivity and indexical content
    5.3 Indexical content and referential content
    5.4 Varieties of content
    5.5 Official content
    5.6 Stretching cognitive content
    5.7 Austin’s two tubes
6. Names and the Co-reference Problem
6.1 Introduction
    6.2 The computer scientist
    6.3 Names and conventions
    6.4 Names and cognitive significance
    6.5 Reflexivity and names
    6.6 Paderewski
    6.7 Mach and the shabby pedagogue
    6.8 What is said? –I
7. What is Referentialism?
7.1 Introduction
    7.2 Dialectical reversal?
    7.3 Frege’s argument
    7.4 On being a (psychologized) Fregean
    7.5 Kaplan and direct reference
    7.6 Kaplan’s arguments for direct reference
    7.7 Conclusion
Part II. Networks and the No-reference Problem
8. Empty Names, Blocks and Networks
8.1 Introduction
    8.2 Conventions and Networks
    8.3 Networks: A Simple theory
    8.4 No-reference reconsidered
    8.5 Network Content and What is Said
9. File Networks
    9.1 Notions, Files and Networks
    9.2 Intersubjective file networks
    9.3 Etiological Structure: origins and parents
    9.4 The flow of ideas: intersubjective networks of files
    9.5 Networks and information games
    9.6 Playing with names
10. Contents and Attitudes
10.1 Introduction
    10.2 The original theory
    10.3 Two-faced attitudes
    10.4 Saying
    10.5 Belief Revisited
    10.6 Types of notions and threads
    10.7 Mach and quasi-indication
    10.8 Pierre and disquotation
    10.9 Back to Austin
    10.10 Conclusion
11. Externalism
11.1 Introduction
    11.2 The Two Faces of Motivation
    11.3 Meshing Explanations
    11.4 Conclusion
    11.5 Narrow Enough Content


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