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Multiple Antiquities -- Multiple Modernities

Ancient Histories in Nineteenth Century European Cultures

Antiquity, as the term has been understood and used over the centuries by scholars, political and religious figures, and ordinary citizens, is far from a single, monolithic concept. Rather than reflecting a stable, shared understanding about the past and its meaning, the idea of antiquity is instead varying and multiple, taking on different meanings and deployed to different effects depending on the context in which it is being considered. In this volume, historians from a wide range of specialties offer a comparative assessment of the multiple perceptions of antiquity that have shaped modern European cultures and national identities, deploying  a new methodological approach, histoire croisée, which considers these questions in light of the development of cultural diversity across Europe.

611 pages | 5 1/2 x 8 3/8 | © 2011

History: Ancient and Classical History

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Table of Contents


The General Framework
Philhellenism, Cosmopolitanism, Nationalism
      Glenn W. Most
We and the Greeks
      François Hartog
Historiography and Philology
Classical Philology and the Making of Modernity in Germany
      Pierre Judet de La Combe
Philology in Germany: Textual or Cultural Scholarship?
      Michael Werner
Classical Scholarship in Nineteenth-Century Hungary: A Case Study in histoire croisée
      Zsigmond Ritoók
Reshaping the "Classical Tradition" to Question the European Political Order: Polish Case Studies
      Jerzy Axer
From Historia Magistra Vitae to History as Empirical Experimentation of Progress
      Chryssanthi Avlami
National Antiquities in East-Central Europe: Three Variations on a Leading Theme
      Mónika Baár
The Myth of Scythian Origin and the Cult of Attila in the Nineteenth Century
      Gábor Klaniczay
Differentiation in Entanglement: Debates on Antiquity, Ethnogenesis and Identity in Nineteenth-Century Bulgaria
      Diana Mishkova
Relocating Ithaca: Alternative Antiquities in Modern Bulgarian Political Discourse
      Balázs Trencsényi
Archaeology and Historiography
The "Antiquitates" of the Greco-Roman World and Their Effect on Antiquarian Thought in Europe from the Renaissance to the Early Nineteenth Century
      Alain Schnapp
Contested Origins: French and German Views of a Shared Archaeological Heritage in Lorraine
      Bonnie Effros
From Ruins to Heritage: The Past Perfect and the Idealized Antiquity in North Africa
      Nabila Oulebsir
A Periphery on the Periphery of the Ancient World: The Discovery of Nubia in the Nineteenth Century
      László Török
Disciplinary Identity and Autonomy at the Beginnings of Archaeology in Romania
      Gheorghe Alexandru Niculescu
Entangled Histories in South-East Europe: Memory and Archaeology
      Božidar Slapšak
Entangled Objects, Entangled Scales
Quest for Homer(s) between Philology, Poetry, and Ethnography: Appropriations of Antiquity in the Nineteenth- and Twentieth-Century Balkans
      Svetlana Slapšak
Illyrian Heroes, Roman Emperors and Christian Martyrs: The Construction of a Croatian Archaeology between Rome and Vienna, 1815–1918
      Daniel Baric
The Orient’s Obtuse Antiquity
      Aziz Al-Azmeh
From Republican to Imperial: The Survival and Perception of Antiquity in American Thought
      Tibor Frank
Cultural Appropriation and Social Diffusion of Antiquity
Goethe and Homer
      Hendrik Birus
Karl Ottfried Müller and the "Patriotic" Study of Religion
      Éva Kocziszky
Ex Ossibus Ultor: Virgil, Ezekiel and the Transformation of the Polish National Idea after 1795
      Maciej Janowski
The Myth of Sparta in Juliusz Slowacki and Cyprian Norwid’s Dramas: Romantic Reinterpretation of Greek Heritage—the Polish Variant
      Maria Kalinowska
Classical Philology in Hungary in the Second Half of the Nineteenth Century and the Reception of Classical Greek Theater
      György Karsai
Classical Rhetoric between Public Education and the Education of the Public in Nineteenth-Century Hungary
      Ottó Gecser


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