Individuals and Institutions in Medieval Scholasticism

Edited by Antonia Fitzpatrick and John Sabapathy

Individuals and Institutions in Medieval Scholasticism

Edited by Antonia Fitzpatrick and John Sabapathy

Distributed for University of London Press

300 pages | 6 1/2 x 9 3/4
Paper $45.00 ISBN: 9781912702275 Will Publish September 2020
Cloth $65.00 ISBN: 9781912702268 Will Publish September 2020
Individuals and Institutions in Medieval Scholasticism is one of the first pieces of close exploratory scholarship on the fundamental relationship between medieval scholastic thought, individual scholars, and their institutions. The text revolves around these essential questions: What was the relationship between particular intellectuals and their wider networks (including but not limited to “schools”), how did intellectuals shape their institutions, and how were their institutions shaped by them? This theoretically sophisticated collection uses a range of European methodological approaches to address a variety of genres such as commentaries, quodlibetal questions, polemics, epic poetry, and inquisition records, and a range of subject matter including history, practical ethics, medicine, theology, philosophy, the constitution of religious orders, the practice of confession, and the institution of cults. This book will be an important reference point for medieval historians, while also raising questions relevant to those working on individualization and institutionalization in other periods and disciplines.
Contents
Introduction: individuals and institutions in medieval scholasticism
Antonia Fitzpatrick and John Sabapathy

I. Individuals and intellectual traditions: construction and criticism

1. The fathers of scholasticism: authorities as totems
Blaise Dufal

2. The unicity of substantial form in the Correctoria corruptorii fratris Thomae of Richard Knapwell, Robert Orford and John of Paris
Antonia Fitzpatrick

3. Italian universities, arts masters and interpreting Pomponazzi’s De immortalitate animae
John Marenbon

4. Individual and institution in scholastic historiography: Nicholas Trevet
Matthew Kempshall

II. Institutions and individuals: organizations and social practices

a. Individuals and organizations

5. The charismatic leader and the vita religiosa: some observations about an apparent contradiction between individual and institution
Gert Melville

6. An institution made of individuals: Peter John Olivi and Angelo Clareno on the Franciscan experience
Sylvain Piron

7. Rolando of Cremona and the earliest inquisition depositions of Languedoc
Peter Biller

b. Individuals and practices

8. Robert of Courson’s systematic thinking about early thirteenth-century institutions
John Sabapathy

9. ‘Better to let scandal arise than to relinquish the truth’: the cases of conscience of the masters of Paris in the thirteenth century
Emily Corran

10. Of parish priests and hermaphrodites: Robert Holcot’s discussion of Omnis utriusque sexus
Cornelia Linde

11. The cult of the marriage of Joseph and Mary: the shaping of doctrinal novelty in Jean Gerson’s Josephina (1414–17)
Isabel Iribarren

Afterword
David d’Avray
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