Among the extremely limited English language literature on the Chinese resistance movement in the Philippines during the Japanese occupation, this book is unique in making use of documents from the United States National Archives, supplemented by memorials and articles recently published in China and the Philippines. While the reliability of these original sources is questionable, the difficulty of interpreting these sources is dealt with openly and effort has been made to compare contradictory accounts objectively. Meanwhile, the characteristics of the Chinese resistance movement are summarized in its historical social context, and the long-term effect of the resistance movement on the Chinese community in the Philippines is addressed. The book thus fills an important gap in Philippine historiography on the Second World War and in the understanding of the Philippine Chinese community and the effect of Japanese occupation upon it. The book is based on a research by YUNG LI Yuk-wai in the Department of History, the University of Hong Kong. The author is currently engaged in developing the history curriculum for schools in Hong Kong.