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Distributed for University of Wales Press

Freedom Fighters

Wales’s Forgotten ’War,’ 1963-1993

As any student of Welsh history is keenly aware, the societal upheaval of the 1960s is inextricably intertwined with to the activities of the Movement for the Defence of Wales (Mudiad Amddiffyn Cymru, or MAC) and its two main protagonists, Owen Williams and John Jenkins. This book tells the story of the MAC’s remarkable campaign from its inception in 1963 to the establishment of the Welsh assembly in 1969, charting the clandestine extremist organization’s course through the struggle for Welsh independence and considering the sometimes difficult distinctions between patriotism and terrorism.

288 pages | 6 1/10 x 9 1/5

History: British and Irish History

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Table of Contents


List of illustrations

1. Three-minute warning

2. ‘Cofiwn Dryweryn’ (We will remember Tryweryn)

3. The winkle-picker saboteurs

4. Tragedy

5. ‘I have a communiqué for Mr Humphries’

6. A declaration of war

7. Spooks and mandarins

8. Last post for the army

9. A meeting with MAC

10. Countdown

11. The Abergele Martyrs

12. The big day

13. Arrest and conviction

14. Freedom fighters or terrorists?

15. MAC3: the cottage arson campaign

16. The long road back

17. Hiraeth!

18. Drumbeat of Home Rule


Select Bibliography

Appendix A

Appendix B



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