Europe Knows Nothing about the Orient

A Critical Discourse (1872-1932)

Zeynep Çelik

Europe Knows Nothing about the Orient

Zeynep Çelik

Distributed for Koc University Press

Translations by Gregory Key, Aron Aji, and others
256 pages | 43 halftones | 6 1/4 x 9 1/2
Paper $20.00 ISBN: 9786057685353 Published May 2021

A century before the publication of Edward Said’s Orientalism, a passionate discourse emerged in the Ottoman Empire, rebutting politicized Western representations of the East. Until the 1930s, Ottoman and early Turkish Republican intellectuals, well acquainted with the European political and cultural scene and charged with their own ideological agendas, deconstructed tired clichés about “the Orient.” In this book, Zeynep Çelik recontextualizes Eurocentric postcolonial studies, unearthing an important episode in modern Middle Eastern intellectual history and curating a selection of primary texts illustrating the debates.

Contents
· Acknowledgements

· Introduction by Zeynep Çelik : Europe Knows Nothing About The Orient: A Critical Discourse From The East (1872-1932)
SELECTED WRITINGS
1. Grand Battles

o Europe Knows Nothing About the Orient, Namik Kemal

o Europe Knows Nothing About the Orient, Ebuzziya Mehmet Tevfik

o Foreigners And Our Turkish, Tevfik Fikret

o Aziyade, Tevfik Fikret

o A Refutation of Ernest Renan, Namik Kemal

o A Conversation with a Foreigner about Istanbul, Ahmed Hasim

o The Library, Ahmed Hasim

o Could Our Movie Theaters Be French Imperialism’s Tools?

o Turkey Faces West, Halide Edib

o Overthrowing Europacentrisme, Sevket Süreyya

2. Art as Measure of Civilization

o Ottoman Arts I, Celal Esad

o Arabic Arts, Celal Esad

o The Arabic Decorative Arts, Celal Esad

o Ottoman Architecture, Celal Esad

o Architectural Terminology, Celal Esad

o Introduction to the Research of Turkish Arts, Ismail Hakki

3. “Oriental” Women and Life at Home

o Women of Islam, Fatma Aliye Hanim

o Avrupa’da Bir Cevelan, Ahmet Mithad

o Ask-i Memnu, Halid Ziya

o Nesl-i Ahir, Halid Ziya

o Turkish Women in the Foreign Press

o Oriental Beauties

4. The Unique Case of Pierre Loti

o Aziyade, Tevfik Fikret

o Les Désenchantées, Ömer Lütfi

o Loti Sends His Regrets, Izzed Melih

o Reply to Loti, Izzed Melih

o Pierre Loti, Nazim Hikmet

5. Sarcasm as Vengeance

o Tourists

o Secret Sanctuary, Ömer Seyfeddin

o Around the World with Meshedi, Ercüment Ekrem Talu

o The Hospital of the Storks, Ahmet Hasim

6. Biographies

7. Index
Review Quotes
Jerrilynn Dodds, Harlequin Adair Dammann Professor of Islamic Studies, Sarah Lawrence College
"Essential reading. Magisterial and erudite, with an introduction that will be a guide to scholars for generations to come, this volume will change the way we think about history. It reveals a worldly, intellectual, cosmopolitan late-Ottoman world, one engaged both in 'projects of modernity' and in sharp critical assessment of the assumptions of European scholars regarding the ‘Orient.’ It thus has the effect of both contesting Orientalist theorists of the nineteenth century as well as disrupting those of the twenty-first, who tend to locate the enterprise of theoretical salvation of the Orient in the realm of Euro-American intellectual thought."
Selim S. Kuru, University of Washington
"Çelik introduces readers to how Ottoman and Turkish journalists, thinkers, novelists, and poets responded to Orientalist fantasies about the East, specifically about the Ottoman Empire and Turkey. Since Edward Said’s germinal work defined Orientalism as a key technique of imperialism, few studies have considered local expressions of resistance to it. Çelik’s masterful volume brilliantly curates excellent translations of stories, articles, and comments from Turkish language—themselves symptomatic for signifying imperial and nationalist dreams. Beyond providing primary sources from the ‘Ottoman East’ that add nuance to understandings of Orientalism as merely imposed upon unsuspecting and compliant subjects, the texts Çelik explores offer fascinating reading, displaying the richness and vigor of intellectual debates about Western cultural hegemony in late Ottoman Empire and early Turkish Republic. The work will contribute to understandings of Orientalism as a site of dialogue among intellectuals, and it will take its place on the bookshelves of all those who teach and research in the field."
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