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Distributed for University of British Columbia Press

Diplomatic Departures

The Conservative Era in Canadian Foreign Policy, 1984 - 93

Distributed for University of British Columbia Press

Diplomatic Departures

The Conservative Era in Canadian Foreign Policy, 1984 - 93

During the nine years that the Conservatives under Brian Mulroney held power in Ottawa, Canadian foreign policy underwent a series of important departures from established policy. Some of these changes mirrored the major transformations in global politics that occurred during this period as the Berlin Wall was breached, the Cold War came to an end, and a globalized economy emerged. But some of the changes were the results of initiatives taken by the Conservative government.

The first major scholarly examination of the foreign policy of this period, this collection explores and analyzes the many departures from traditional Canadian statecraft that took place during the Mulroney Conservative era: free trade with the U.S., a continentalized energy policy, initiatives over the environment and the Arctic, the withdrawal of Canadian forces from Europe, and the transformation of peacekeeping into peacemaking.

Table of Contents

Foreword / Barbara J. McDougall


Part 1: Introduction

1 The Conservative Era in Canadian Foreign Policy, 1984-93 / Nelson Michaud and Kim Richard Nossal

2 Architects or Engineers? The Conservatives and Foreign Policy / Denis Stairs

Part 2: Policy Issues

3 Leaving the Past Behind: The Free Trade Initiative / Brian Tomlin

4 Continental Drift: Energy Policy and Canadian–American Relations / Tammy L. Nemeth

5 Shades of Grey in Canada’s Greening during the Mulroney Era / Heather A. Smith

6 A Northern Foreign Policy: The Politics of Ad Hocery / Rob Huebert

7 Big Eyes and Empty Pockets: The Two Phases of Conservative Defence Policy / Norrin M. Ripsman

8 The Conservative Approach to International Peacekeeping / Manon Tessier and Michel Fortmann

9 Mulroney’s International “Beau Risque”: The Golden Age of Québec’s Foreign Policy / Luc Bernier

10 Explaining the Decision to Join the OAS: An Interpretation / Gordon Mace

11 Good Global Governance or Political Opportunism? Mulroney and UN Social Conferences / Andrew F. Cooper

12 How Exceptional? Assessing the Anti-Apartheid “Crusade” / David M. Black

13 Liberal Internationalism for Conservatives: The Good Governance Initiative / Paul Gecelovsky and Tom Keating

Part 3: The Policy-Making Process

14 The Conservatives and Foreign Policy-Making: A Foreign Service View / J.H. Taylor

15 Adding Women but Forgetting to Stir: Gender and Foreign Policy in the Mulroney Era / Claire Turenne Sjolander

16 Ethnic Groups and Conservative Foreign Policy / Roy Norton

17 Bureaucratic Politics and the Making of the 1987 Defence White Paper / Nelson Mich

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