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Distributed for Karolinum Press, Charles University

Complex Words, Causatives, Verbal Periphrases and the Gerund

Romance Languages versus Czech (A Parallel Corpus-Based Study)

This book focuses on the typological differences among the four most widely spoken Romance languages--French, Italian, Portuguese, and Spanish--and Czech. Utilizing findings from the Czech National Corpus’ massive language database, the authors analyze a range of linguistic categories to discover the differences and similarities between Czech and the Romance languages. Due to the massive amount of data mined, as well as the high number of languages examined, this book presents general and individual typological features of the four Romance languages and Czech that often exceed what has previously been accepted in the field of comparative linguistics.

163 pages | 6 1/2 x 9

Language and Linguistics: Language Studies, Syntax and Semantics

Table of Contents

1. Expressions of potential participation, iterativity, causation,
ingressivity and adverbial subordination in the light of parallel corpora
Petr Cermak, Dana Kratochvilova, Olga Nadvornikova, Pavel Štichauer
1.1 Investigation project and its history
1.2 Objectives and scope of the present monograph
1.3 Organisation of the monograph
1.4 Terminological remarks
1.4.1 Romance languages under scrutiny and use of the term Romance
1.4.2 Use of the terms counterpart and respondent
2. Corpus design & corpus-based contrastive research methodology
Olga Nadvornikova
2.0 Introduction
2.1 Corpus-based contrastive research methodology
2.2 Corpora used in this study
3. Morphologically complex words in romance and their Czech respondents
Pavel Štichauer, Jan Hricsina, Jiri Jancik, Jaroslava Jindrova, Zuzana Krinkova, Daniel Petrik
3.0 Introduction
3.1 Word-formation: complex vs simple words
3.2 Romance and Czech: common and different word-formation patterns
3.3 The typology of Czech respondents
3.3.1 Typology of Czech respondents of the adjectives with the suffix -bile/-ble/-vel
3.3.2 Typology of Czech respondents for verbs with the prefix re-/ri-
3.4 The modal suffix -ble/-bile/-vel
3.4.1 Data elaboration and analysis
3.4.2 Quantitative distribution of the types
3.4.3 Discussion of various examples
3.5 The iterative prefix re-/ri-
3.5.1 Data elaboration and analysis
3.5.2 Quantitative distribution of the types
3.5.3 Discussion of various examples
3.6 Concluding remarks
4. Causative constructions in romance and their Czech respondents
Petr Cermak, Dana Kratochvilova, Petra Laufkova, Pavel Štichauer
4.0 Introduction
4.1 Definition of causativity and its forms of expression
4.2 Causativity in Romance languages
4.2.1 Analytic type
4.2.2 Synthetic type
4.2.3 Characteristics of the Romance construction hacer/fare/faire/fazer + infinitive
4.3 Causativity in Czech
4.3.1 Word-formatting causativity Verbs derived from another verb Verbs derived from an adjective No change in the lexical basis, expressing causativity through a prefix roz-
4.3.2 Semantic causativity Suppletive types Causative interpretation resulting from syntax
4.3.3 Analytic causativity Causative verbs followed by a subordinate clause Causative verbs followed by a nominal syntagma (Semi-)causative verbs followed by an infinitive
4.4 Our typology of Czech respondents
4.5 Methodology
4.6 Causative constructions in Romance – formal comparison
4.7 Analysis of Czech respondents
4.7.1 Primary Czech respondents Type 3 – shodit type (hacer caer / far cadere / faire tomber / fazer cair) Type 8 – what makes you think that > proc myslite? (‘why do you think that?’) Type 4 – dat vypit type
4.7.2 Secondary Czech respondents Type 5 – dohnat k slzam type Type 9 – other translation Type 7 – zpusobit, že tal type Type 1 – rozplakat type Type 2 – posadit type and type 6 – zpusobit tani type Type 10 – no translation
4.8 Conclusions

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