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Distributed for University of British Columbia Press

Caring for Eeyou Istchee

Protected Area Creation on Wemindji Cree Territory

How do Indigenous communities in Canada balance the development needs of a growing population with cultural commitments and responsibilities as stewards of their lands and waters? Caring for Eeyou Istchee recounts the extraordinary experience of the James Bay Cree community of Wemindji, Quebec, who partnered with a multidisciplinary research team to protect territory of great cultural significance in ways that respect community values and circumstances. This volume tackles fundamental questions, such as: What is “environmental protection”? What should be protected? What factors inform community goals? How does the natural and cultural history of an area inform protected area design? How can the authority and autonomy of Indigenous institutions of land and sea stewardship—and the knowledge integral to them—be respected and reinforced? In answering these questions, Indigenous and non-Indigenous contributors present a comprehensive account of one of the world’s most dynamic coastal environments. More particularly, they demonstrate how protected area creation is a powerful process for supporting Indigenous environmental stewardship, and cultural heritage.

428 pages

Table of Contents

Foreword / Stan Stevens


Introduction / Rodney Mark, Monica E. Mulrennan, Katherine Scott, and Colin H. Scott

Part 1: Context

1 Protected Area Development in Northern Canadian Indigenous Contexts / Monica E. Mulrennan and Fikret Berkes

2 The Politics of Traditional Ecological Knowledge in Environmental Protection / Wren Nasr and Colin H. Scott

3 A Balancing Act: Mining and Protected Areas on Wemindji Territory / Ugo Lapointe and Colin H. Scott

4 Collecting Scientific Knowledge: an Historical Perspective on Eastern James Bay Research / Katherine Scott

Part 2: What to Protect

5 Shoreline Displacement and Human Adaptation in Eastern James Bay: A 6,000-year Perspective / Florin Pendea, Andre Costopoulos, Gail Chmura , Colin D. Wren, Jennifer Bracewell, Samuel Vaneeckhout, Jari Okkonen, Eva Hulse, and Dustin Keeler

6 Patterns on the Land: Paakumshumwaau through the Lens of Natural History / James W. Fyles, Grant Ingram, Greg Mikkelson, Florin Pendea, Katherine Scott, and Kristen Whitbeck

7 The Mammals of Wemindji: in Time, Space, and Ways of Knowing / Murray M. Humphries, Jason Samson, and Heather E. Milligan

8 Coastal Goose Hunt of the Wemindji Cree: Adaptations to Social and Ecological Change / Claude Péloquin and Fikret Berkes

9 Coastal Landscape Modifications by Cree Hunters / Jesse S. Sayles and Monica E. Mulrennan

10 Aa-wiichaautuwiihkw: Cultural Connections and Continuities along the Wemindji Coast / Véronique Bussières, Monica E. Mulrennan, and Dorothy Stewart

Part 3: How to Protect

11 Wemindji Cree Relations with the Government of Quebec in Creating the Paakumshumwaau-Maatuskaau Biodiversity Reserve / Julie Hébert, François Brassard, Ugo Lapointe, a

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