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International demand for the uniquely spiky cactus family has brought them far beyond their desert homes. However, because of their appeal and medicinal potential, many species of cacti are endangered. The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, or CITES, has set extensive guidelines on how this plant family can be traded.

This guide walks readers through the regulations, detailing the major groups of cacti in trade, their distribution, conservation status, use, and likelihood of illegal trade. Intended for enforcement agencies, commercial nurserymen, traders, collectors and amateur growers, CITES and Cacti includes identification tips and a fully illustrated PowerPoint that can serve as a training presentation, complete with speaker’s notes.

90 pages | 85 color plates, 1 CD-ROM | 10 1/4 x 11 3/4 | © 2012

Biological Sciences: Botany

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Table of Contents

Introductory Slides
Slide 1: CITES and Cacti
Slide 2: CITES and Cacti—What This Presentation Will Cover
Introduction to Cacti
Slide 4: What are Cacti?
Slide 5: Cacti Characteristics
Slide 6: Global Abundance
Slide 7: Global Trade
Slide 8: CITES and Cacti—Subgroups
Slide 9: Appendix I Cacti—What is Controlled?
Slide 10: Appendix II Cacti—What is Controlled?
Appendix I Cacti
Slide 12: Global Trade Hotspots
Slide 13: Ariocarpus spp.—1
Slide 14: Ariocarpus spp.—2
Slide 15: Astrophytum asterias
Slide 16: Aztekium ritteri
Slide 17: Corphyantha werdermannii
Slide 18: Discocactus spp.
Slide 19: Echinocereus ferreirianus subs. linsayi & E. schmollii
Slide 20: Escobaria minima & E. sneedii
Slide 21: Mammillaria pectinifera & M. solisioides
Slide 22:  Melocactus conoideus, M. deinacanthus, M. glaucescens & M. paucispinus
Slide 23: Obregonia denegrii
Slide 24: Pachycereus militaris
Slide 25: Pediocactus spp.—1
Slide 26: Pediocactus spp.—2
Slide 27: Pelecyphora spp.
Slide 28: Sclerocactus spp.
Slide 29: Strombocactus spp.
Slide 30: Turbinicarpus spp.—1
Slide 31: Turbinicarpus spp.—2
Slide 32: Uebelmannia spp.
Appendix II Cactic
Slide 34: Global Trade Hotspots
Slide 35: Astrophytum spp.
Slide 36: Astrophytum caput-medusae
Slide 37: Aztekium hintonii
Slide 38: Blossfeldia liliputana
Slide 39: Copiapoa spp.
Slide 40: Coryphantha spp.
Slide 41: Echinocactus spp.
Slide 42: Echinocactus grusonii
Slide 43: Echinocereus spp.—1
Slide 44: Echinocereus spp.—2
Slide 45: Echinopsis spp.
Slide 46: Epithelantha spp.
Slide 47: Eriosyce spp.
Slide 48: Escobaria spp.
Slide 49: Ferocactus spp.
Slide 50: Frailea spp.
Slide 51: Geohintonia Mexicana
Slide 52: Gymnocalycium spp.
Slide 53: Leuchtenbergia principis
Slide 54: Lophophora spp.
Slide 55: Mammillaria spp.—1
Slide 56: Mammillaria spp.—2
Slide 57: Matucana spp.
Slide 58: Melocactus spp.
Slide 59: Neolloydia spp.
Slide 60: Opuntia spp.
Slide 61: Parodia/Notocactus spp.
Slide 62: Rebutia spp.
Slide 63: Rebutia cintia
Slide 64: Sclerocactus spp.
Slide 65: Thelocactus spp.
Slide 66: Yavia cryptocarpa
Slide 67: Epiphytic Cacti
Slide 68: Columnar Cacti
Non-CITES Cacti
Slide 70: Leaf-bearing Cacti
Slide 71: Exempted Hybrids and Cultivars
Implementing CITES for Cacti
Slide 73: Enforcement
Slide 74: Enforcement—Checks
Slide 75: Wild-Collected—Cacti Smuggling: cacti found in suitcases
Slide 76: Wild-Collected—Cacti Smuggling: cacti found in suitcases and post parcels
Slide 77: Wild or Artificially Propagated: Key Characteristics
Slide 78: Wild or Artificially Propagated? Wild-collected cacti found in nurseries
Slide 79: Rainsticks
Slide 80: Seeds
Slide 81: Fruits
Slide 82: CITES Definition of ‘Artificially Propagated’
Slide 83: Cacti in Medicine and Religion
Slide 84: Contacts & Further Resources

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