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Distributed for University of British Columbia Press

Birds of Ontario: Habitat Requirements, Limiting Factors, and Status

Volume 2–Nonpasserines: Shorebirds through Woodpeckers

The volumes in the Birds of Ontario series summarize life history requirements of bird species that are normally part of the ecology of Ontario. The first volume dealt with waterfowl through cranes; this volume deals with shorebirds through woodpeckers and completes the treatment of the nonpasserines. Information on habitat, limiting factors, and status are dealt with for the three main bird seasons: breeding, migration, and winter. It is an essential reference for biologists, planners, environmental consultants, and other resource professionals involved in environmental issues and management pertaining to birds. It is also a valuable reference for serious birders.

392 pages

Table of Contents


Scope and Sources of Information

Format of the Species Accounts

Future Research


Black-bellied Plover

American Golden-Plover

Semipalmated Plover

Piping Plover


Black-necked Stilt

American Avocet

Spotted Sandpiper

Solitary Sandpiper

Greater Yellowlegs


Lesser Yellowlegs

Upland Sandpiper

Eskimo Curlew


Hudsonian Godwit

Marbled Godwit

Ruddy Turnstone

Red Knot


Semipalmated Sandpiper

Western Sandpiper

Least Sandpiper

White-rumped Sandpiper

Baird’s Sandpiper

Pectoral Sandpiper

Purple Sandpiper


Stilt Sandpiper

Buff-breasted Sandpiper


Short-billed Dowitcher

Long-billed Dowitcher

Wilson’s Snipe

American Woodcock

Wilson’s Phalarope

Red-necked Phalarope

Bonaparte’s Gull

Little Gull

Franklin’s Gull

Ring-billed Gull

Herring Gull

Iceland Gull

Lesser Black-backed Gull

Glaucous Gull

Great Black-backed Gull

Caspian Tern

Black Tern

Common Tern

Arctic Tern

Forster’s Tern

Parasitic Jaeger

Black Guillemot

Rock Pigeon

Mourning Dove

Yellow-billed Cuckoo

Black-billed Cuckoo

Barn Owl

Eastern Screech-Owl

Great Horned Owl

Snowy Owl

Northern Hawk Owl

Barred Owl

Great Gray Owl

Long-eared Owl

Short-eared Owl

Boreal Owl

Northern Saw-whet Owl

Common Nighthawk



Chimney Swift

Ruby-throated Hummingbird

Belted Kingfisher

Red-headed Woodpeck

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