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Distributed for Purich Publishing

Beyond Blood

Rethinking Indigenous Identity

The current Status criteria of theIndian Act contains descent-based rules akin to blood quantum that are particularly discriminatory against women and their descendants, which author Pamela Palmater argues will lead to the extinguishment of First Nations as legal and constitutional entities. Beginning with an historic overview of legislative enactments defining Indian status and their impact on First Nations, the author examines contemporary court rulings dealing with Indigenous identity, Aboriginal rights, and the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. Palmater also examines band membership codes to determine if their reliance on status criteria perpetuates discrimination. She offers changes for determining Indigenous identity and citizenship and argues that First Nations must determine citizenship themselves.


280 pages


Table of Contents

Forewords by First Nations Chiefs / Chief Bill Montour, Six Nations of the Grand River; Chief Candice Paul, St. Marys First Nation; Chief Lawrence Paul, Millbrook First Nation; Chief Isadore Day, Serpent River First Nation

Introduction: A Mi’kmaq Woman

1. Legislated Identity: Control, Division, and Assimilation

The Honour of the Crown

Labels and Politics

From Peoples to Indians

The Future of a People

2. The Right to Determine Citizenship

Aboriginal Identity in a Liberal Democracy

Aboriginal Rights in Canada

Powerful Rights and Limits on Power

3. The Right to Belong: Charter Equality for Non-Status Indians

Indian Act Inequality

Charter Equality

Remedying Inequality for Non-Status Indians

4. Band Membership vs. Self-Government Citizenship

Band Membership

Self-Government Citizenship

Rethinking Indigenous Identity and Belonging

Conclusion: Beyond Blood

Appendix

Notes

Index

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