Paper $35.00 ISBN: 9781684580200 Published November 2020
Cloth $75.00 ISBN: 9781684580194 Published November 2020
E-book $29.95 ISBN: 9781684580217 Published November 2020

Blood and Boundaries

The Limits of Religious and Racial Exclusion in Early Modern Latin America

Stuart B. Schwartz

Blood and Boundaries

Stuart B. Schwartz

Distributed for Brandeis University Press

With a Foreword by Yosef Kaplan
256 pages | 6 color plates | 6 x 9
Paper $35.00 ISBN: 9781684580200 Published November 2020
Cloth $75.00 ISBN: 9781684580194 Published November 2020
E-book $29.95 ISBN: 9781684580217 Published November 2020

In Blood and Boundaries, Stuart B. Schwartz takes us to late medieval Latin America to show how Spain and Portugal’s policies of exclusion and discrimination based on religious origins and genealogy were transferred to their colonies in Latin America. Rather than concentrating on the three principal divisions of colonial society—Indians, Europeans, and people of African origins—as is common in studies of these colonial societies, Schwartz examines the three minority groups of moriscos, conversos, and mestizos. Muslim and Jewish converts and their descendants, he shows, posed a special problem for colonial society: they were feared and distrusted as peoples considered ethnically distinct, but at the same time their conversion to Christianity seemed to violate stable social categories and identities. This led to the creation of “cleanliness of blood” regulations that explicitly discriminated against converts. Eventually, Schwartz shows, those regulations were extended to control the subject indigenous and enslaved African populations, and over time, applied to the growing numbers of mestizos, peoples of mixed ethnic origins. Despite the efforts of civil and church and state institutions to regulate, denigrate, and exclude, members of these affected groups often found legal and practical means to ignore, circumvent, or challenge the efforts to categorize and exclude them, creating in the process the dynamic societies of Latin America that emerged in the nineteenth century.

Contents
Foreword, Introduction, Chapter 1: Moriscos, Chapter 2: Conversos, Chapter 3: Mestizos, Archival Abbreviations, Notes, Index
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