Optical Fibers – Basics: Introduction – Wave theory and fiber modes – Single-mode and few-modes fibers – Properties of the LP01 mode – Loss mechanisms in silica (SiO2) – How are such low-loss fibers made? – Chromatic dispersion in optical single-mode fibers – Specialty fibers – Conclusions – Acknowledgement – References. Polarization Effects in Optical Fibers: State of polarization – Mathematical description of polarized light – Birefringence and beat length – Polarization-mode coupling – Coupling length – Polarization-maintaining fibers – Optical fiber modeling – Principal states of polarization – Polarization-mode dispersion – Final remarks – Conclusion – Bibliography. Photonic Crystal Fibers: Index-guiding photonic crystal fibers – Photonic bandgap-guiding fibers – Conclusion – Bibliography. Highly Doped Fiber Technology: Why doping? – Which dopants? – How to dope silica? – How much dopant? – Conclusions and additional literature. Nonlinear Effects in Optical Fibers: Nonlinear propagation in fused silica – Nonlinear propagation in optical fibers – Self- and Cross-phase modulation – Optical Solitons – Modulation instability (MI) – Four-wave mixing (FWM) – Optical Parametric Amplification (OPA) – Stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) – Conclusion – Bibliography. Amplification and Lasing in Optical Fibers: Introduction – Basic considerations for doped amplifiers – Gain in amplifiers with uniform time-independent population densities – Gain in amplifiers with non-uniform time-independent population densities – Gain in amplifiers with time-dependent population densities – Nonlinear amplification mechanisms – Noise in optical amplifiers – Fiber optical oscillators (lasers) – Pulsed fiber lasers – Examples of fiber amplifiers and lasers – Conclusion – Acknowledgments – Citations and bibliographies. Nonlinear Fiber Optics and Fiber Supercontinuum Generation: Introduction – Overview of nonlinear fiber optics – Supercontinuum generation – Conclusions – Appendix – References. Rayleigh Scattering in Optical Fibers and Applications to Distributed Measurements: Physical principles of Rayleigh scattering – Formalism of scattering phenomena – Rayleigh scattering in optical fibers – Rayleigh backscattering in optical fibers – Polarization state of backscattered light – Application of Rayleigh backscattering to distributed measurements – Acknowledgment – Bibliography. Inelastic Scatterings and Applications to Distributed Sensing: Introduction – Spontaneous scatterings – Stimulated scatterings – Generalities on distributed sensing – Distributed Raman temperature sensing – Distributed Brillouin sensing – Bibliography. Optical Fiber Point Sensors: Introduction and Background – Optical Fiber Gyroscopes – Optical Fiber Fabry-Pérot Sensors – Fiber Bragg Gratings – Perspectives – Asnapshot of the fiber sensor market – Conclusion – Acknowledgements – Bibliography. Polymer Optical Fiber-Based Sensors: The argument for POF – Mechanical properties of polymers – Chemical properties – Optical properties – Intensity measurements using POF sensors – POF measurements using interferometry – Advanced sensors based on POF – Sensitivity to external measurands – Applications for Bragg gratings in POF – Microstructure POF (mPOF) – Novel materials – Conclusions – Acknowledgment – References. Index.