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Youth Employment and Joblessness in Advanced Countries

The economic status of young people has declined significantly over the past two decades, despite a variety of programs designed to aid new workers in the transition from the classroom to the job market. This ongoing problem has proved difficult to explain. Drawing on comparative data from Canada, Germany, France, Sweden, and the United Kingdom, these papers go beyond examining only employment and wages and explore the effects of family background, education and training, social expectations, and crime on youth employment.

This volume brings together key studies, providing detailed analyses of the difficult economic situation plaguing young workers. Why have demographic changes and additional schooling failed to resolve youth unemployment? How effective have those economic policies been which aimed to improve the labor skills and marketability of young people? And how have youths themselves responded to the deteriorating job market confronting them? These questions form the empirical and organizational bases upon which these studies are founded.

492 pages | 96 line drawings, 151 tables | 6 x 9 | © 2000

National Bureau of Economic Research Comparative Labor Markets Series

Economics and Business: Business--Industry and Labor

Table of Contents

David G. Blanchflower and Richard B. Freeman

I. The Situation Facing Young Workers
1. The Declining Economic Status of Young Workers in OECD Countries
David G. Blanchflower and Richard B. Freeman
2. Cohort Crowding and Youth Labor Markets: A Cross-National Analysis
Sanders Korenman and David Neumark
3. Gender and Youth Employment Outcomes: The United States and West Germany, 1984-1991
Francine D. Blau and Lawrence M. Kahn
II. Youth Responses to the Market
4. Adapting to Circumstances: The Evolution of Work, School, and Living Arrangements among North American Youth
David Card and Thomas Lemieux
5. Disadvantaged Young Men and Crime
Richard B. Freeman
6. Child Development and Success or Failure in the Youth Labor Market
Paul Gregg and Stephen Machin
7. The Rising Well-Being of the Young
David G. Blanchflower and Andrew J. Oswald
III. The Effect of Programs
8. The Sensitivity of Experimental Impact Estimates: Evidence from the National JTPA Study
James J. Heckman and Jeffrey A. Smith
9. The Swedish Youth Labor Market in Boom and Depression
Per-Anders Edin, Anders Forslund, and Bertil Holmlund
10. Young and Out in Germany: On Youths’ Chances of Labor Market Entrance in Germany
Wolfgang Franz, Joachim Inkmann, Winfried Pohlmeier, and Volker Zimmermann
11. Minimum Wages and Youth Employment in France and the United States
John M. Abowd, Francis Kramarz, Thomas Lemieux, and David N. Margolis
Author Index
Subject Index

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