Wildlife Conservation in a Changing Climate
Wildlife Conservation in a Changing Climate
Human-induced climate change is emerging as one of the gravest threats to biodiversity in history, and while a vast amount of literature on the ecological impact of climate change exists, very little has been dedicated to the management of wildlife populations and communities in the wake of unprecedented habitat changes. Wildlife Conservation in a Changing Climate is an essential resource, bringing together leaders in the fields of climate change ecology, wildlife population dynamics, and environmental policy to examine the impacts of climate change on populations of terrestrial vertebrates. Chapters assess the details of climate change ecology, including demographic implications for individual populations, evolutionary responses, impacts on movement patterns, alterations of species interactions, and predicting impacts across regions. The contributors also present a number of strategies by which conservationists and wildlife managers can counter or mitigate the impacts of climate change as well as increase the resilience of wildlife populations to such changes. A seminal contribution to the fields of ecology and conservation biology, Wildlife Conservation in a Changing Climate will serve as the spark that ignites a new direction of discussions about and action on the ecology and conservation of wildlife in a changing climate.
“With research and practice quickly rising to the new challenges posed by climate change, any synthesis of this field is a moving target. Wildlife Conservation in a Changing Climate provides an admirable cross-section of this growing body of work. The authors should be congratulated for tackling a subject that is complex, multifaceted, and rapidly advancing.”
F. Huettmann, University of Alaska | Choice
“Wildlife Conservation in a Changing Climate provides an important, cutting-edge, and forward-looking contribution toward our understanding of climate effects on wildlife species. Much of our current understanding in this field is largely a sketch of macroecological patterns and inferences. This book takes us a long step forward by filling in the sketchy understanding with detailed and nuanced biological information, not only about species-habitat associations, but also about species’ potential to adapt or migrate and the consequences for whole ecosystem structure and functioning. The book’s strength is that it is a compendium of work by both academic scientists and front-line conservation practitioners who are wrestling with ideas and practical ways to conserve wildlife in the face of changing climate. These essays set the standard for providing scientific insights for the practice of wildlife conservation in an era of changing climate.”
Oswald Schmitz, Yale University
Table of Contents
Climate Change and Wildlife Conservation
Jedediah F. Brodie, Eric S. Post, and Daniel F. Doak
Part 1 Assessing and Predicting Climate Change Impact on Wildlife
Recent and Future Climatic Change and Its Potential Implications for Species and Ecosystems
Karen Carney, Brian Lazar, Charles Rodgers, Diana R. Lane, Russell
Jones, Scott Morlando, and Allison E. Ebbets
Natural Selection and Phenotypic Plasticity in Wildlife Adaptation to Climate Change
James D. Austin, Christine W. Miller and Robert J. Fletcher, Jr.
Demographic Approaches to Assessing Climate Change Impact: An Application to Pond-Breeding Frogs and Shifting Hydropatterns
John H. Matthews, W. Chris Funk, and Cameron Ghalambor
Modeling Range Shifts for Invasive Vertebrates in Response to Climate Change
Damien A. Fordham, H. Resit Akçakaya, Miguel Araújo, and Barry W.
Can We Predict Climate-Driven Changes to Disease Dynamics? Applications for Theory and Management in the Face of Uncertainty
Sara H. Paull and Pieter T.J. Johnson
Rapid Assessment of Plant and Animal Vulnerability to Climate Change
Bruce E. Young, Kimberly R. Hall, Elizabeth Byers, Kelly Gravuer,
Geoff Hammerson, Alan Redder, and Kristin Szabo
Part 2 Case Studies of Climatic Effects on Wildlife Conservation
Changing Rainfall and Obstructed Movements: Impact on African Ungulates
Norman Owen-Smith and Joseph O. Ogutu
Ecological Effects of Climate Change on European Reptiles
Jean François Le Galliard, Manuel Massot, Jean-Pierre Baron, and Jean
Arctic Shorebirds: Conservation of a Moving Target in Changing Times
Steve Zack and Joe Liebezeit
Island Species with Nowhere to Go
Retreat of the American Pika: Up the Mountain or into the Void?
Chris Ray, Erik Beever, and Scott Loarie
Sensitivity of High Arctic Caribou Population Dynamics to Changes in the Frequency of Extreme Weather Events
Joerg Tews, Rebecca Jeppesen, and Carolyn Callaghan
Part 3 Promoting Resilience: Wildlife Management in the Face of Climate Change
Harvest Models for Changing Environments
Mark S. Boyce, Kyle Knopff, Joseph Northrup, Justin Pitt, and Liv S.
From Connect-the-Dots to Dynamic Networks: Maintaining and Enhancing Connectivity as a Strategy to Address Climate Change Impacts on Wildlife
Molly S. Cross, Jodi A. Hilty, Gary M. Tabor, Joshua J. Lawler, Lisa J.
Graumlich, and Joel Berger
Restoring Predators as a Hedge against Climate Change
Chris C. Wilmers, Chris T. Darimont and Mark Hebblewhite
Assisted Colonization of Wildlife Species at Risk from Climate Change
Viorel D. Popescu and Malcolm L. Hunter, Jr.
The Integration of Forest Science and Climate Change Policy to Safeguard Biodiversity in a Changing Climate
Nicholas Blay and Michael Dombeck
What to Expect and How to Plan for Wildlife Conservation in the Face of Climate Change
Daniel F. Doak, Jedediah F. Brodie, and Eric S. Post