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Trade and Employment in Developing Countries, Volume 1

Individual Studies

This first book of a three-volume study examines the way trade policies in developing countries affect the level and composition of employment. There is special emphasis on the effects of import substitution policies that attempt to make a country self-sufficient by producing local substitutes for imports, as compared with policies that further the expansion of imports.

Ten countries are studied: Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Indonesia, the Ivory Coast, Pakistan, South Korea, Thailand, Tunisia, and Uruguay. The contributors to the volume analyze the link between trade strategies and employment within a common framework, and the analyses of trade policy include the level and structure of protection, the relation of trade policy to labor demand, the labor intensiveness of trade, and the extent of distortions in factor markets and their effects on trade.

558 pages | 6.00 x 9.00 | © 1980

National Bureau of Economic Research Monograph

Economics and Business: Economics--International and Comparative

Table of Contents

Editors’ Preface
1. The Framework of the Country Studies
Anne O. Krueger
2. Foreign Trade Strategies and Employment in Brazil
José L. Carvalho and Cláudio L. S. Haddad
3. Alternative Trade Strategies and Employment Implications: Chile
Vittorio Corbo and Patricio Meller
4. International Trade Strategies, Employment, and Income Distribution in Colombia
Francisco E. Thoumi
5. Alternative Trade Strategies and Employment in Indonesia
Mark M. Pitt
6. Trade Strategies and Employment in the Ivory Coast
Terry Monson
7. Trade Policies and Employment: The Case of Pakistan
Stephen Guisinger
8. Export Promotion and Employment Growth in South Korea
Wontack Hong
9. Trade Strategy for Employment Growth in Thailand
Narongchai Akrasanee
10. Alternative Trade Policies and Employment in Tunisia
Mustapha K. Nabli
11. Uruguay: Alternative Trade Strategies and Employment Implications
Alberto Benison and Jorge Caumont
List of Contributors
Author Index
Subject Index

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