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Training and the Private Sector

International Comparisons

How can today’s workforce keep pace with an increasingly competitive global economy? As new technologies rapidly transform the workplace, employee requirements are changing and workers must adapt to different working conditions. This volume compares new evidence on the returns from worker training in the United States, Germany, France, Britain, Japan, Norway, and the Netherlands.

The authors focus on Germany’s widespread, formal apprenticeship programs; the U.S. system of learning-by-doing; Japan’s low employee turnover and extensive company training; and Britain’s government-led and school-based training schemes. The evidence shows that, overall, training in the workplace is more effective than training in schools. Moreover, even when U.S. firms spend as much on training as other countries do, their employees may still be less skilled than workers in Europe or Japan.

Training and the Private Sector points to training programs in Germany, Japan, and other developed countries as models for creating a workforce in the United States that can compete more successfully in today’s economy.

Table of Contents

Introduction by Lisa M. Lynch
1. Reconciling Markets and Institutions: The German Apprenticeship System
David Soskice
2. The British System of Youth Training: A Comparison with Germany
Nicholas Oulton and Hilary Steedman
3. Strategic Adjustments in Training: A Comparative Analysis of the U.S. and German Automobile Industries
Peter B. Berg
4. Employment-Based Training in Japanese Firms in Japan and in the United States: Experiences of Automobile Manufacturers
Masanori Hashimoto
5. Productivity Changes without Formal Training
Andrew Weiss
6. The Impact of Previous Training on Productivity and Wages
John H. Bishop
7. Determinants of Young Males’ Schooling and Training Choices
Stephen V. Cameron and James J. Heckman
8. Training at Work: A Comparison of U.S. and British Youths
David G. Blanchflower and Lisa M. Lynch
9. Public- and Private-Sector Training of Young People in Britain
Peter J. Dolton, Gerald H. Makepeace, and John G. Treble
10. Vocational Education and Training in Britain and Norway
Peter Elias, Erik Hernaes, and Meredith Baker
11. Returns to Within-Company Schooling of Employees: The Case of the Netherlands
Wim Groot, Joop Hartog, and Hessel Oosterbeek
Author Index
Subject Index

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