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Species Diversity in Ecological Communities

A pioneering work, Species Diversity in Ecological Communities looks at biodiversity in its broadest geographical and historical contexts. For many decades, ecologists have studied only small areas over short time spans in the belief that diversity is regulated by local ecological interactions. However, to understand fully how communities come to have the diversity they do, and to properly address urgent conservation problems, scientists must consider global patterns of species richness and the historical events that shape both regional and local communities.

The authors use new theoretical developments, analyses, and case studies to explore the large-scale mechanisms that generate and maintain diversity. Case studies of various regions and organisms consider how local and regional processes interact to determine patterns of species richness. The contributors emphasize the fact that ecological processes acting quickly on a local scale do not erase the effects of regional and historical events that occur more slowly and less frequently.

This book compels scientists to rethink the foundations of community ecology and sets the stage for further research using comparative, experimental, geographical, and historical data.

414 pages | 8.50 x 11.00 | © 1994

Biological Sciences: Ecology

Earth Sciences: Paleontology

Geography: Environmental Geography

Table of Contents

1 Species Diversity: Introduction to the Problem, Dolph Schluter and Robert E. Ricklefs
Part I Local Patterns and Processes
2 The Maintenance of Species Richness in Plant Communities, David Tilman and Stephen Pacala
3 Environment and Trophodiversity, Peter Yodzis
4 Structure of Intertidal Assemblages in Different Locations: How Can Local Process be Compared?, Anthony J. Underwood and Peter Petraitis
5 How are Diversity and Productivity Related?, Michael L. Rosenzweig and Zvika Abramsky
6 Energy Supply and Patterns of Species Richness on Local and Regional Scales, David H. Wright, David J. Currie, and Brian A. Maurer
Part II Coexistence at the Mesoscale
7 Ecology at the Mesoscale: The Influence of Regional Processes on Local Communities, Robert D. Holt
8 Species Interactions in Space, John F. McLaughlin and Jonathan Roughgarden
9 Local and Regional Regulation of Species-Area Relations: A patch-Occupancy Model, Hal Caswell and Joel E. Cohen
10 Three Explanations of the Positive Relationship between Distribution and Abundance of Species, Ilkka Hanski, Jari Kouki, and Antti Halkka
11 Experimental Biogeography: Interactions between Stochastic, Historical, and Ecological Processes in a Model Archipelago, Daniel Haydon, Ray R. Radtkey, and Eric R. Pianka
Part III Regional Perspectives
12 Space, Time, and Man as Determinants of Diversity of Birds and Mammals in the Mediterranean Region, Jacques Blondel and Jean-Denis Vigne
13 Bird Diversity Components within and between Habitats in Australia, Martin L. Cody
14 Determinants of Diversity in Animal Communities of Arid Australia, Stephen R. Morton
15 Biodiversity in Australia Compared with Other Continents, Mark Westoby
16 Patterns of Diversity for the Insect Herbivores on Bracken, John H. Lawton, Thomas M. Lewinsohn, and Stephen G. Compton
17 Community Richness in Parasites of Some Freshwater Fishes from North America, John M. Aho and Albert O. Bush
18 Evidence for the Influence of Historical Processes in Co-occurrence and Diversity of Tiger Beetle Species, David L. Pearson and Steven A. Juliano
19 Pelagic Diversity Patterns, John A. McGowan and Patricia W. Walker
20 Global Patterns of Diversity in Mangrove Floras, Robert E. Ricklefs and Roger Earl Latham
21 Convergence and the Regional Component of Species Diversity, Dolph Schluter and Robert E. Ricklefs
22 Unsaturated Patters in Species Assemblages: The Role of Regional Processes in Setting Local Species Richness, Howard V. Cornell
Part IV Historical and Phylogenetic Perspectives
23 Phylogenetic Determinants of Insect/Plant Community Diversity, Brian D. Farrell and Charles Mitter
24 Historical Ecology: Examining Phylogenetic Components of Community Evolution, Daniel R. Brooks and Deborah McLennan
25 Phylogenetic Patterns, Biogeography, and the Ecological Structure of Neotropical Snake Assemblages, John E. Cadle and Harry W. Greene
26 Continental Comparisons of Temperate-Zone Tree Species Diversity, Roger Earl latham and Robert E. Ricklefs
27 The Phanerozoic Evolution of Reef Diversity, Erle G. Kauffman and J. Al Fagerstrom
28 Historical Diversity Patterns in North America large Herbivores and Carnivores, Blaire Van Valkenburgh and Christine M. Janis
29 Fossil Communities: Compositional Variation at Many Time Scales, James W. Valentine and David Jablonski
30 Species Diversity: Regional and Historical Influences, Robert E. Ricklefs and Dolph Schluter

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