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Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World

Historical Trends in Mortality and Health, Employment, and Disability Insurance Participation and Re

In nearly every industrialized country, large aging populations and increased life expectancy have placed enormous pressure on social security programs—and, until recently, the pressure has been compounded by a trend toward retirement at an earlier age. With a larger fraction of the population receiving benefits, in coming decades social security in many countries may have to be reformed in order to remain financially viable.

This volume offers a cross-country analysis of the effects of disability insurance programs on labor force participation by older workers. Drawing on measures of health that are comparable across countries, the authors explore the extent to which differences in the labor force are determined by disability insurance programs and to what extent disability insurance reforms are prompted by the circumstances of a country’s elderly population.

Table of Contents


Introduction and Summary
Kevin Milligan and David A. Wise

1. Disability, Health, and Retirement in the United Kingdom
James Banks, Richard Blundell, Antoine Bozio, and Carl Emmerson

2. Disability Insurance, Population Health, and Employment in Sweden
Lisa Jönsson, Mårten Palme, and Ingemar Svensson

3. Health, Disability, and Pathways into Retirement in Spain
Pilar García-Gómez, Sergi Jiménez-Martín, and Judit Vall Castelló

4. Health Status, Welfare Programs Participation, and Labor Force Activity in Italy
Agar Brugiavini and Franco Peracchi

5. Disability Programs, Health, and Retirement in Denmark since 1960
Paul Bingley, Nabanita Datta Gupta, and Peder J. Pedersen

6. Disability in Belgium: There Is More Than Meets the Eye
Alain Jousten, Mathieu Lefebvre, and Sergio Perelman

7. Disability, Pension Reform, and Early Retirement in Germany
Axel Börsch-Supan and Hendrik Jürges

8. Disability and Social Security Reforms: The French Case
Luc Behaghel, Didier Blanchet, Thierry Debrand, and Muriel Roger

9. Disability Insurance Programs in Canada
Michael Baker and Kevin Milligan

10. The Long-Run Growth of Disability Insurance in the United States
Kevin Milligan

11. Disability Pension Program and Labor Force Participation in Japan: An Historical Perspective
Takashi Oshio and Satoshi Shimizutani

12. Disability Insurance and Labor Market Exit Routes of Older Workers in the Netherlands
Klaas de Vos, Arie Kapteyn, and Adriaan Kalwij

Author Index
Subject Index

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