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Reading, ’Riting, and Reconstruction

The Education of Freedmen in the South, 1861-1870

This study of education for freedmen following Emancipation is the definitive treatment of the subject. Employing a wide range of sources, Robert C. Morris examines the organizations that staffed and managed black schools in the South, with particular attention paid to the activities of the Freedman’s Bureau. He looks as well at those who came to teach, a diverse group—white, black, Northern, Southern—and at the curricula and textbooks they used. While giving special emphasis to the Freedmen’s Bureau school program, Morris places the freedmen’s educational movement fully in its nineteenth-century context, relating it both to the antislavery crusade that preceded it and to the conservative era of race relations that followed.

358 pages | 10 plates | 6 x 9 | © 1981

Black Studies

History: American History

Table of Contents



1 An Army of Civilization

2 Yankee Schoolmarm

3 The Black Teacher

4 The Southern White Teacher

5 Educational Objectives and Philosophy

6 Reading, ’Riting, and Reconstruction: The Content of Instruction in Freedmen’s Schools

7 Political and Social Issues




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