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Perception, Theory, and Commitment

The New Philosophy of Science

With originality and clarity, Harold Brown outlines first the logical
empiricist tradition and then the more historical and process-oriented
approach he calls the “new philosophy of science.” Examining the two
together, he describes the very transition between them as an example
of the kind of change in historical tradition with which the new
philosophy of science concerns itself.

“I would recommend it to every historian of science and to every
philosopher of science. . . . I found it clear, readable, accurate,
cogent, insightful, perceptive, judicious, and full of original
—Maurice A. Finocchiaro, Isis

“The best and most original aspect of the book is its overall
—Thomas S. Kuhn

Harold I. Brown is professor of philosophy at Northern Illinois

204 pages | 2 line drawings | 5-7/8 x 8-15/16 | © 1977

Philosophy of Science

Table of Contents

Part 1 - Logical Empiricist Philosophy of Science
1. The Origins of Logical Empiricism
Humean Empiricism
Logical Positivism, the Vienna Circle
Logical Empiricism
2. Confirmation
The Paradoxes of Confirmation
Confirmation and Extensional Logic
Goodman’s Attack on Syntactical Analyses of Confirmation
3. Theoretical Terms
Explicit Definition
Reduction Sentences
Craig’s Theorem
Correspondence Rules
4. Explanation
Deductive Explanation
Statistical Explanation
Explanation and Truth
5. Falsification
Strict Falsificationism
Basic Statements
Conclusion: Toward a New Understanding
Part II - The New Image of Science
6. Perception and Theory 
Significant Perception
Three Problems
7. Presuppositions
Normal Science
Paradigmatic Propositions
The Scientist’s World
8. Scientific Revolutions
The Copernican Revolution
Conceptual Change
Scientific Revolutions
9. Discovery
The Context of Discovery and the Context of Justification
Scientific Discovery
Scientific Change
10. Toward a New Epistemology
Scientific Knowledge and Scientific Truth
Descriptions and Norms
Presuppositions and Problems

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