Notes and Methods
Notes and Methods
Publication supported by the Neil Harris Endowment Fund
Hilma af Klint studied at the Royal Swedish Academy in Stockholm where she was part of the first generation of female students. Up until the beginning of the century, she painted mainly landscapes and detailed botanical studies. Her work from this period was that of a young artist of her time who meticulously observed the world around her. But, like many of her contemporaries, af Klint was also interested in the invisible relationships that shape our world, believing strongly in a spiritual dimension. She joined the Theosophical Society, and, with four fellow female members who together called themselves “The Five,” began to study mediumship. Between 1906 and 1915, purportedly guided by a higher power, af Klint created 193 individual works that, in both scale and scope of imagery, are like no other art created at that time. Botanically inspired images and mystical symbols, diagrams, words, and geometric series, all form part of af Klint’s abstract language. These abstract techniques would not be seen again until years later.
Notes and Methods presents facsimile reproductions of a wide array of af Klint’s early notebooks accompanied by the first English translation of af Klint’s extensive writings. It contains the rarely seen “Blue Notebooks,” hand-painted and annotated catalogues af Klint created of her most famous series “Paintings for the Temple,” and a dictionary compiled by af Klint of the words and letters found in her work. This extraordinary collection is edited by and copublished with Christine Burgin, and features an introduction by Iris Müller-Westermann. It will stand as an important and timely contribution to the legacy of Hilma af Klint.
“The remarkable, welcome thing about Burgin’s Notes and Methods is that it lets af Klint speak for herself. . . . In book form, unified in size and material, and made intimate and flippable, the paintings reveal themselves differently than they do when hung on a wall and interrupted by architecture: they take on an overall rhythm, and the shifts between abstraction and figuration become fluid rather than clunky.”
New York Review of Books
“Presents comprehensive English translations of (af Klint’s) enigmatic writings. . . . Bring(s) nuance to our understanding of the artist’s biography and her formal achievements. . . . Taken together, the notebooks and paintings are evidence of a prodigiously curious mind, one riveted by the mathematical precision of geometry and also stirred by earthly and unearthly creatures.”
“What a remarkable intellectual and aesthetic feast it is! Multifaceted, rich in the history of both art and spirituality, the book presents the abstract work of Swedish artist Hilma af Klint. Klint is known for having produced abstract art many years in advance of the formal Abstract art movement. Notes and Methods not only reproduces her strikingly immersive artwork but also brings to life its unexpected spiritual underpinnings in the Theosophy movement.”
“The book broadens an understanding of af Klint’s visual vocabulary from the late 1800s through the first two decades of the 1900s. The dominance of images provides the reader with the breadth of her artistic concerns and some of the underlying structures in her work. The book also expounds on af Klint’s myriad interests in science, mathematics, esotericism, and mysticism. Art history is only now beginning to dig deeper into af Klint’s life and work. This book and the Guggenheim Museum’s exhibition catalog Hilma af Klint: Paintings for the Future (2018) will be the definitive texts on the artist for years to come.”
Art Libraries Society of North America
"An invaluable research resource."
Religious Studies Review
Table of Contents
The Blue Books / Translated from Swedish by Kerstin Lind Bonnier and Elizabeth Clark Wessel
The Atom Series / Translated from Swedish by Kerstin Lind Bonnier and Elizabeth Clark Wessel
Flowers, Mosses, and Lichens / Translated from German by Anne Posten
Letters and Words Pertaining to Works by Hilma af Klint / Translated from Swedish by Kerstin Lind Bonnier and Elizabeth Clark Wessel
Afterword / Johan af Klint