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Herodotus in the Anthropocene

We are living in the age of the Anthropocene, in which human activities are recognized for effecting potentially catastrophic environmental change. In this book, Joel Alden Schlosser argues that our current state of affairs calls for a creative political response, and he finds inspiration in an unexpected source: the ancient writings of the Greek historian Herodotus. Focusing on the Histories, written in the fifth century BCE, Schlosser identifies a cluster of concepts that allow us to better grasp the dynamic complexity of a world in flux.

            Schlosser shows that the Histories, which chronicle the interactions among the Greek city-states and their neighbors that culminated in the Persian Wars, illuminate a telling paradox: at those times when humans appear capable of exerting more influence than ever before, they must also assert collective agency to avoid their own downfall. Here, success depends on nomoi, or the culture, customs, and laws that organize human communities and make them adaptable through cooperation. Nomoi arise through sustained contact between humans and their surroundings and function best when practiced willingly and with the support of strong commitments to the equality of all participants. Thus, nomoi are the very substance of political agency and, ultimately, the key to freedom and ecological survival because they guide communities to work together to respond to challenges. An ingenious contribution to political theory, political philosophy, and ecology, Herodotus in the Anthropocene reminds us that the best perspective on the present can often be gained through the lens of the past.

216 pages | 6 x 9 | © 2020

Ancient Studies

Philosophy: History and Classic Works

Political Science: Classic Political Thought


“Schlosser is a master at making old texts relevant to the new world, and, with Herodotus in the Anthropocene, he brings Herodotus into conversation with the present, as a kind of corrective to modern liberal political theory. Such an orientation toward the political world—toward human activity and possibility—is one we need to embrace in the present, anthropocenic age. This is a strong and provocative explication that deserves attention in political theory and beyond.”

Susan McWilliams Barndt, Pomona College

"There is something in this engagingly written book for several interest groups. For the student of Herodotus there is the stimulus of being asked to admire, as virtues, characteristics of his approach to history which are more frequently regarded as vices; for the student of political science there are some interesting insights into to the complicated characteristics of democracy; for the student of the Anthropocene there is the encouragement to use the example of Herodotus to think more pluralistically about their research."

Classics for All

"Schlosser’s rich and detailed account of the Histories will be of great interest to scholars of Herodotus, stretching far beyond Herodotus’s relevance to the Anthropocene. There are textually detailed and careful readings of the many episodes of the Histories, rethinking and reinterpreting foundational ideas such as nomoi, the oikeomenê (the known world), equality. . . and freedom (elutheria)."

Perspectives on Politics

Table of Contents


1 The Nature of Things
2 The Known World
3 The Practice of Nomos
4 Narrating Inquiry
5 Freedom and Earthly Flourishing


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